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Indie Crossword Puzzlers Are Shaking Up A Very Square World

The New York Times3.5 The Washington Post3.9 BuzzFeed3.7 Wall Street Journal3.4 Newsday3.9 CrosSynergy3.3 The Times’ puzzle, though, isn’t the most highly rated on the Web. Indies may be ragtag, but their quality can be remarkably high. The popular blog Diary of a Crossword Fiend lets readers rate a selection of puzzles each day, from one to five stars. Indies do well, with indie icon Matt Gaffney’s topping the list and American Values Club and Quigley’s puzzles averaging above the Times so far this year. (Note, of course, that these ratings are subjective, and come from a highly selected sample of the universe of crossword solvers, namely those who rate crosswords on a crossword blog.)But that the indies are well-received doesn’t make them well-compensated. They’re wrestling with the same confusion about sustainable business models as all the other media upstarts.The New York Times has it relatively easy, with nearly 200,000 digital crossword subscribers, good for over $2 million in revenue in the first quarter of 2016, according to a company press release. When you figure in the hardcopy subscriptions and newsstand purchases due to the puzzle, plus the countless book collections, the Times crossword puzzle is almost certainly worth well north of $10 million a year. (The Times wouldn’t comment beyond what was disclosed in the press release.) Little of that money goes to the constructors: At its rate of $300 for a daily puzzle and $1,000 for a Sunday, I estimate that a little less than $150,000 a year is paid to the crossword constructors themselves.Outside the Times, though, monetization approaches vary wildly. The American Values Club crossword, the indie edited by Tausig, is subscription based. A year’s worth of puzzles is $20, or you can get a single puzzle for a buck, and proceeds are divvied up among constructors quarterly. Depending on the quarter, this model can yield more than the Times’ $300-per-puzzle rate, according to Tausig. “I’ve been a constructor for a long time, and also because I’m a hardcore Marxist, I want to put my money where my mouth is,” he said. Constructors there also retain some future rights to their puzzles. Tausig didn’t give me a precise count of his subscribers, but said there were no fewer than 3,000.Quigley, who runs an eponymous site, was inspired by Radiohead’s 2007 release of “In Rainbows” when he created his pay-what-you-want model. He publishes free puzzles on Mondays and Thursdays, and provides a “tip your constructor” PayPal link on his homepage. Between direct payments and the advertisement it provides for other paying puzzle gigs, Quigley estimated that his site is responsible for two-thirds of his income. He claimed an average of 12,000 people solve a typical puzzle on his site.And Matt Gaffney — whom other indie constructors described to me as the “juggernaut” and the “silverback gorilla” of the field and who tops the ratings list — oversees a mini-factory that publishes eight puzzles a week. About a year ago, Gaffney switched to a subscription-only model for his daily puzzle ($24 a year) which, he told me, has 500 to 600 subscribers. “It seems to be kind of the wave of the future,” he said. “But I think big media, regular media and indie puzzles will always coexist and coevolve for the foreseeable future. I don’t see one putting the other out of business.” Despite that, indies “are where all the crazy, new, fun stuff is happening.”In many ways, the crossword tumult mirrors that of the broader media world, pockmarked with hirings, firings, launches, closings and scandal. BuzzFeed hit the brakes, and USA Today ousted its crossword editor in May. But others hit the gas. The Wall Street Journal added a daily puzzle last September, and The Washington Post tapped a new crossword constructor in November. And Slate, stalwart of internet media, will feature the American Values Club crossword in its paid section, Slate Plus, starting in September.Madison, the former BuzzFeed editor, who has interned for both Shortz and Tausig, is heading back to the indie world himself. According to Madison, the BuzzFeed puzzle’s average 40,000 to 50,000 views didn’t justify its cost at the virally oriented site. (I emailed BuzzFeed for comment but have not yet received one.) He recently announced a new crossword project called Solve the Internet. Details were sketchy, but the description he gave me was heavy on “internet” and “social.” Madison wouldn’t offer a specific launch date but said to expect it soon.“I don’t understand what he’s talking about, but that’s a fantastic thing,” Quigley, 42, said of Madison’s puzzle ideas. “If we don’t go out and try to bring in that younger generation, we’ve got the buggy whip, and we’re gonna get blown out by something else.” Fireball3.9 Jonesin’ Crosswords3.3 Crossword Nation3.9 Brendan Emmett Quigley3.7 Los Angeles Times3.6 Matt Gaffney4.0 American Values Club3.6 Most highly rated crosswords Gawker wasn’t the only irreverent, iconoclastic internet media property to say farewell recently. To a much quieter dirge, the BuzzFeed crossword puzzle published its final edition this month. Its editor, 23-year-old puzzle wunderkind Caleb Madison, for whom this was his first job, left the company to strike out on his own.The BuzzFeed crossword, which launched in October, promised a millennial upheaval to the musty crossword genre: an internet-native, slang-fluent, pop-culture-obsessed puzzle aimed at young solvers. There was hope, given BuzzFeed’s large amounts of traffic, that it would serve as a meaningful competitor to the starchy, hegemonic New York Times crossword. “BuzzFeed Is Revolutionizing the Crossword Puzzle,” an Observer headline declared last year.It didn’t. Yet while BuzzFeed’s puzzle revolution fizzled, a devoted band of ragtag agitators remains devoted to the cause. A vibrant ecosystem of independent crosswords — “indies” — exists on the internet, its component puzzles multiplying and evolving, finding their niche and trying to find ways to survive. And some of them can outrate the gold standard over at the Times.“I think of the indie world like we’re all craft beer brewers,” Brendan Emmett Quigley, a professional puzzle constructor, told me. The Times is a Budweiser lager; the indies are small-batch saisons and IPAs.“My favorite thing about indie puzzles is the timeliness,” Neville Fogarty, an avid indie solver who helped found the Indie 500 crossword tournament, told me. Indie puzzles don’t have to wait months in a publication queue, as they would at the Times. They also aren’t subject to the stylistic constraints of a large media institution. Topics and themes, however recent, modern, niche or profane, are fair game. Nor are they subject to the physical constraints of a major newspaper. With few exceptions, all daily Times puzzles use 15-by-15 grids with rotational symmetry, a convention indies can and do break.Over (craft) beers recently, Ben Tausig,1It was Tausig whose tweet, about a suspiciously duplicated puzzle, eventually led to the FiveThirtyEight investigation into accusations of plagiarism against the crossword editor Timothy Parker. the editor of the acclaimed indie American Values Club crossword, reflected on the early days of indies, over a decade ago. “We were all out in the woods,” he said. “Papers were dying, papers were dropping their crosswords.” And so some crossword designers decided to go it alone. A risky proposition, but one that came with aesthetic upside. These sylvan constructors could rewrite the stylebook. “Crosswords were staid, you know? As much as I enjoyed them, there was always this feeling that the voice of the Times was not my generational voice. It was like, what if you made a crossword about rap, or something? That felt really radical at the time.”Criticism of the Times puzzle seems to have expanded of late, beyond the stylistic and into the political. It’s not just that the Times puzzle is staid, or geared toward olds. It’s been accused of tone deafness on issues of race and gender. A recent clue for the answer HAREM was “Decidedly nonfeminist women’s group,” and the clue “Exasperated comment from a feminist” led to the answer MEN. “Gangsta rap characters” were THUGS.But Will Shortz, the Times puzzle editor since 1993, is an icon for a reason. All the constructors I spoke to praised him for elevating the Times puzzle to its current station. “The Times’ job is arguably much harder, because they have to walk that thin line of making sure everyone is included,” Quigley said. It’s come a long way, too. The Times published its first crossword in 1942. If you scrape off a thick layer of dust, you’ll find a puzzle riddled with obscurities (the poets CRABBE and TASSO, the seaport HAGI, the Dutch town EDE) and ditchwater-dull clues (both IAN and YVON are clued as “Man’s name”). And even if some indie puzzlers would like to foment a revolution, it already took one to get the Times to the solid position it’s in today. Shortz oversaw a transition away from the dryest trivia to a puzzle that does include some popular culture. He has said that anything the paper covers should be fair game for the crossword.“The Times’ crossword audience is broad, from teens up to as old as people get,” Shortz told me in an email. “But the average [age] is higher than that for the indies. So in terms of overall tone and cultural references, the Times puzzle will skew a little older than the indies.” Shortz also mentioned the need for the Times puzzle to have a longer shelf life than the indies, which means it eschews some timelier subjects. The puzzle appears in syndication six weeks after its original publication, and sometimes in books years later. Boston Globe3.1 Chronicle of Higher Education3.3 Includes puzzles appearing at least ten times. Ratings are out of 5.Source: Diary of a Crossword Fiend PUZZLEAVG. USER RATING read more

Ohio State mens basketball hits the books in preparation for No 22

OSU junior forward Marc Loving (2) attempts a shot during a game against Rutgers on Jan. 13 at the Schottenstein Center. Credit: Samantha Hollingshead | Photo EditorComing off a 35-point loss to Maryland in a season that’s been marred by turbulence, Ohio State men’s basketball coach Thad Matta is taking a variety of steps to right his inexperienced team’s ship. He’s always been an avid reader, but, in an effort to find something that might help his players, Matta recently began reading a new book about psychology. Although he declined to disclose its name, Matta started sharing lessons from the text with his team hoping that something — anything — might click with his youthful Buckeyes. “The good news is I just started it and it’s, like, 250 pages,” a smiling Matta said. In its 19 games thus far, OSU narrowly lost to then-No. 10 Virginia and stunned then-fourth-ranked Kentucky at a neutral site, but the Buckeyes (12-7, 4-2) have lost three games by at least 20 points. Figuring out just what makes this team so different on a night-to-night basis is like breaking the Enigma code — it might take a computer to do it. Or a book. “Yesterday (Matta) said he’s on page 36,” freshman point guard JaQuan Lyle said. “Yesterday he read us four quotes out of the book … so who knows how many quotes we’ll get the rest of the week. One of the quotes yesterday was something like, ‘if you look at things differently, maybe the outcome will be differently.’ It was just quotes that compare to us.” Looking at their next game differently is exactly what might work for the Buckeyes. They’ve had similar games like Thursday’s against No. 22 Purdue (15-3, 4-2) before, but in each of those, the outcome has been less than desired. The three games with parallels to the forthcoming tilt with the Boilermakers — on the road against a top-flight program in Connecticut, Indiana and Maryland — all ended in 20-plus point defeats. So, looking at things differently as the Buckeyes head to West Lafayette, Indiana, might be what it takes for the team to crack the code and become the consistent basketball team it strives to be. OSU has struggled to bring the necessary energy to compete with its more talent-laden opponents when facing them on the visitor’s home floor. That, however, should not be the case Thursday, Lyle said. “I’m expecting us to come in there and play hard all 40 minutes,” Lyle said. “Start playing hard from the jump, not waiting for the second media timeout or anything like that. Just trying to play hard the entire game, I feel like we haven’t done that in a while. “We need to get back to doing that.” “With the lights on”Bouncing back from such an embarrassing loss could be difficult, but Matta said his team has been putting forth a solid showing in the gym in the days following. OSU sophomore forward Jae’Sean Tate (1) attempts a shot during a game against Rutgers on Jan. 13 at the Schottenstein Center. Credit: Samantha Hollingshead | Photo Editor“We’ve had a couple of pretty good practices,” Matta said. “But we’ve practiced relatively well throughout the (season). When you step into Mackey Arena (Thursday) night, it’s on.” To be a better team when the first whistle blows, Matta said, the effort Lyle mentioned needs to be there, but it cannot be just be up to one player. Every player that sees the court needs to consistently be playing hard, the coach said, even through any mistakes the team makes. When those mistakes happen, which they are bound to, as they are just a part of the game, sophomore forward Jae’Sean Tate said, Matta always emphasizes the importance of playing through them, rather than letting them weigh players down. “Coach Matta isn’t one of those coaches who’s gonna yell at you for a bad shot,” Tate said. “He doesn’t really care about the mistakes that you make. He just wants to see you play through them. As long as you play hard, then there’s no problem. That’s just what we’ve got to do a better job of.” “It’s on”While OSU is looking at its matchup against Purdue differently, that won’t change the fact the Buckeyes will have their hands full when the game starts. The Boilermakers come into Thursday’s game on the heels of a 107-57 throttling of Rutgers on Monday. Although the Scarlet Knights aren’t exactly a heavyweight opponent, Purdue used the same balanced attack in that game that has helped it throughout the season. That balanced scoring comes from three dominant post players, in senior center A.J. Hammons, sophomore center Isaac Haas and freshman forward Caleb Swanigan. The entire trio averages double-figure scoring, with the 7-foot Hammons leading the way with 13.4 points a game. Haas, who checks in at 7-foot-2, puts up 10.9 points a contest, while Swanigan chips in 10.4 points and 8.9 rebounds. Matta said he is well aware of the three-headed monster in the paint. “They are huge,” the coach said. “We’ve got to do a great job, the best job we can, with our post defense. It’s no secret. If you look at their shot totals, they’re going to get the ball inside to those guys.”Although denying all the entry passes to the trio would be the best-case scenario for Matta’s team, that is unrealistic. Once it gets down there, though, it is on OSU’s post players, like freshman Daniel Giddens and redshirt sophomore Trevor Thompson, to step up, Matta said. “They’re going to score,” he said. “There’s no doubt about that but we’ve got to do the best job we can challenging them, taking away their favorite moves. And (we need to) rebound the basketball.” Up nextAfter the Buckeyes take on the Boilermakers, they’re set to return to Columbus and take on Penn State at 7 p.m. on Monday. read more

Jupp Heynckes named German coach of the year

first_imgBayern Munich’s recently retired coach Jupp Heynckes has been voted the best manager in GermanyThe 73-year-old replaced the fired Carlo Ancelotti on an interim basis in October last year following a disastrous start to their campaign and his arrival was largely credited for their success with Bayern going on to secure a sixth successive Bundesliga crown and finishing 21 points ahead of their nearest rivals.Heynckes was named as the German coach of the year last weekend after his 91 votes edged out the 89 votes that Schalke’s young manager Dominico Tedesco had won.New Bayern boss Niko Kovac came third with 77 votes following an impressive campaign with Eintracht Frankfurt.Jadon SanchoMerson believes Arsenal should sign Sancho Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Borussia Dortmund winger Jadon Sancho might be the perfect player to play for the Gunners, according to former England international Paul Merson.“It’s particularly nice to see an older coach win the vote in times marked by a certain obsession with youth,” said Bayern president Uli Hoeneß on the club website.“Jupp Heynckes has absolutely earned this award because it is so unusual for a man to be introduced to such a tricky situation, completely turn it around from day one and see it through to the end.”Heynckes has now won the award four times throughout his managerial career following previous triumphs in 1981, 1986 and 2013.last_img read more

Real Madrid stopped negotiations for Palacios

first_imgExequiel Palacios’ agent has revealed that Real Madrid has stopped all negotiations for the River Plate star due to the Libertadores final.The effects of the Copa Libertadores final in Madrid are starting to take some victims, the latest one is Exequiel Palacios from River Plate according to his agent.The player had an advanced negotiation to sign for Los Blancos during the winter, but the whole situation with the final has delayed and maybe even completely stopped the process, agent Renato Corsi spoke to Diario AS about the state of the whole deal and revealed that there are other clubs who are interested in signing the player as soon as possible.Corsi spoke about the heartbreak that was not being able to play the final at the Monumental for Palacios, the player who gave his club the ticket to the big match after scoring a penalty in the semifinals.Según @diarioas , la interminable final de la Libertadores frena el pase de Exequiel Palacios a Real Madrid, pero no lo pone en riesgohttps://t.co/sC0DdCRpQN— Claudio Mauri (@hcmauri) November 26, 2018“As the River Plate fan and as a football player for this club for the last ten years, it’s obvious that Exequiel wanted to play the final at the Monumental in Argentina,” said Corsi to Diario AS.“With this whole problem that took place over there, he would also love to play in that stadium and in a country as beautiful as Spain.”“I really hope things work out and he can play for Real Madrid. We have received calls from Inter, AS Roma, Wolfsburg…”“There are many interested clubs but Real Madrid is the one that has shown the biggest interest.”“This whole situation of the suspended final between River and Boca, is the reason that both boards of directors haven’t been able to talk about the transfer yet.”“But I gotta say that Real Madrid has been nothing but straightforward and polite with us, both me and my partner.”“Both clubs have already agreed that they will speak again when the final has passed, they were already going to keep having meetings over Exequiel Palacios after both matches.”“But everything happened and they didn’t talk. Real Madrid will call us in the next few days. We also spoke with Barcelona, but we never reached an agreement.”Jose Mourinho, Lionel MessiMourinho: “Lionel Messi made me a better coach” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho believes the experience of going up against Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi at Real Madrid made him a greater coach.“Zanetti from Inter also called me, but none of those clubs advanced as much as Real Madrid,” he added.⚪🔴⚪💪 pic.twitter.com/JzkHmLPIuu— Exequiel Palacios (@exepalacios_) November 20, 2018“Exequiel actually had a chance to join Torino about one and a half years ago. The problem with this offer he got, is that we didn’t think he was yet ready to go to Europe and we all decided that staying in River was the better idea,” he continued.“After that, he continued playing for the club and Marcelo (Gallardo) helped him keep growing little by little until he achieved this level of performance.”“Thanks to his efforts and the manager’s support, Exequiel grew to become the player he is today. We have worked with him for five years now, he is a very humble lad, just like his family. He always played the way he does right now.”“It’s evident that he started playing with a little more attitude this year thanks to Marcelo Gallardo, the manager helped him grow and even improve several aspects of his football,” he concluded.Exequiel Palacios will have a unique chance of showing Real Madrid and Spain what he is capable of, when he plays the Copa Libertadores final against Boca Juniors at the Santiago Bernabeu Stadium on Sunday.As an offensive midfielder with extraordinary creative capabilities, it is expected that Palacios can become one of Argentina’s biggest export talents in recent times.Real Madrid will have bought a great talent if the meetings between then and River Plate turn out positive, the reports of his transfer to Spain are all true, only they got a little bit behind for the reasons that his agent just explained.Vamos todos juntos banda ⚪🔴⚪!! pic.twitter.com/6TOSAWFJhf— Exequiel Palacios (@exepalacios_) October 31, 2018Where would you play Exequiel Palacios in the Real Madrid lineup? Please share your opinion in the comment section down below.last_img read more

Clement Howell Eagles lead day three of High School meet

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items:#InterHighTrackandField, #magneticmedianews, #TCAAA Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppTurks and Caicos, March 14, 2017 – Providenciales – Today is day three of the National High School Inter Track and Field meet and going into the final day, the standings before the final event yesterday –  which was the 4x100m relays – revealed that in seventh place is Maranatha Academy with two points; sixth is Turks and Caicos Middle School with eight points; Raymond Gardiner High is fifth with 35 points; Long Bay High School has 45 points for fourth place; in third and with 46 points is British West Indies Collegiate; in second place with 96 points is Grand Turk’s HJ Robinson High school and leading the meet after two days of competition are the eagles of Clement Howell High school, 131 points.It was announced that today there will be a surprise guest and the TCAAAs reminded athletes at the opening ceremony on Monday, that the high school meet is the main qualifier for selection of the TCIs Carifta Team for the 2017 Games.   The Inter High School track and field is staged at the National Stadium and was officially opened by Sports Minister, Josephine Connolly.#MagneticMediaNews #InterHighTrackandField #TCAAAlast_img read more

Military to Support Request to House up to 20000 Unaccompanied Minors

first_img Dan Cohen AUTHOR The Trump administration is planning to house up to 20,000 unaccompanied migrant children on military installations, following a request from the Department of Health and Human Services to have facilities available as early as July. “HHS and DOD are working closely to determine the requirements and timing for support,” said DOD spokesman Army Lt. Col. Jamie Davis. “While four bases (three in Texas and one in Arkansas) have been visited by HHS for possible housing, it doesn’t mean any or all children would be housed there,” Davis said. HHS has inspected Goodfellow AFB, Dyess AFB and Fort Bliss in Texas, and Little Rock AFB, Ark.The children would be unaccompanied minors who crossed the Mexican border, not children separated from their parents, reported Stars and Stripes. The administration also is considering the possibility of housing families detained at the border on military installations.Photo courtesy of U.S. Customs and Border Protectionlast_img read more

Motorola brings baby monitoring to CES 2019 with Hubble

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Quader asks protesters to listen to PM

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International Film Festival Explores African Diaspora

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St Stephens address cancelled Mamata unmoved

first_imgKolkata: Reacting on cancellation of the programme at St Stephen’s College, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said she doesn’t mind as the choice was theirs and maintained that she would be attending the Catholic Bishops Conference of India on Tuesday.When asked about the cancellation of her trip to China, Chicago and now her lecture at St Stephen’s College, Banerjee said: “Let them cancel. I don’t mind. Let God save them.”It may be recalled that a Trinamool Congress MP had maintained in connection with the programme at St Stephen’s College on Saturday that ‘Mamata Banerjee is giving the BJP-RSS sleepless nights. Let them keep trying… She cannot be silenced…” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSt Stephen’s authorities cancelled a programme of Mamata Banerjee scheduled to be held on August 1 by raising protocol issues. Banerjee was the first Chief Minister who was scheduled to address students of one of the most premier institutions in the country. She further added: “I will be attending the attending the Catholic Bishops Conference of India. It is a major event.”The Chief Minister is the chief guest at the “Love your Neighbour” conference organised by India’s largest Christian body — The Catholic Bishops Conference of India. The event is going to be held on Tuesday. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedWhen asked about the possibility of a meeting with UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi, the Chief Minister said while addressing the press conference at Nabanna on Monday: “I heard that she is unwell. But if I get an opportunity, of course, I will meet her.”She further said: “Day after tomorrow I will be going to Parliament. I will meet many people there.” This comes when the Trinamool Congress supremo has given the clarion call to oust the BJP in 2019 general elections and there will be a major rally at Brigade Parade Ground in Kolkata on January 19 in 2019 in which Banerjee will be inviting several anti-BJP leaders. She had also said that the UPA Chairperson will also be invited. In the same breath, Banerjee added: “I have many programmes in Delhi. I will go to the residence of Ram Jethmalaniji where Yashwant Sinhaji, Shatrughan Sinha and Arun Shourie will also be coming. I will be going to Jethmalaniji’s residence at around 5 pm.”It may be recalled that Banerjee had interactions with BJP leaders Yashwant Sinha, Shatrughan Sinha and Arun Shourie during her visit to Delhi in March. According to political experts, the meeting of the Trinamool Congress supremo with the BJP leaders is quite significant in terms of the present political scenario.last_img read more

February 28 2003 The cold seasons rainy period h

first_imgFebruary 28, 2003The cold season’s rainy period has begun. After the heavy drought during the past years, fortunately lots of rain is arriving this year. [Photo & text: Ania Gorka] With the much needed rain comes erosion. The Agriculture/Landuse department crew takes advantage of the flowing water to fine-tune the runoff management system, on the high road leading to camp. [Photo & text: Ania Gorka] A series of pools, or check dams, are in place to slow the rushing water enough to drop its sand and silt. [Photo & text: Ania Gorka] Free of the abrasive sand and silt particles, the water is less likely to cut through the landscape. Check dams and swales are constructed of stone and packed earth that need upkeep to remain intact. [Photo & text: Ania Gorka] At the lower end of the system nearly four feet of sand and silt have collected, forming a large terrace. [Photo & text: Ania Gorka] A close up of the face of the terrace shows the flow slowed to a trickle. This allows much of the water to be absorbed into the soil of the hillside and used by the local plant and animal communities, rather than flowing into the river. [Photo & text: Ania Gorka]last_img read more

Rep Matt Hall announces MDOT grant for village of Climax

first_img31May Rep. Matt Hall announces MDOT grant for village of Climax Categories: Hall News State Rep. Matt Hall (R-Emmett Twp.) applauded the Michigan Department of Transportation for awarding the Village of Climax a Transportation Economic Development Fund (TEDF) Category B grant for year 2020. The grant totals $50,637.50.“I commend the Village of Climax for the hard work they put into earning this grant.” Hall said. “Category B grants go a long way to help local communities repair their crumbling roads. I will continue to support policies that invest in our local villages and small cities.”The grant money will help fund the full reconstruction of North Church Street from Cherry Street to the dead end of North Church, Sheldon Street from the guardrail to Maple Street, and Ebinger Street from Maple Street to the dead end of Ebinger.The Category B program was created by 2018 P.A. 473, which was signed by Governor Snyder on December 26, 2018 and effective on March 29, 2019.  The purpose of the program is to provide additional road funding for cities and villages with populations of 10,000 or less.last_img read more