Skip to content
上海419论坛,上海龙凤419,爱上海 – Powered by Chay Terran!

Phish Gets Dick’s Swinging With Improv-Heavy 5-Song Second Set On Night One [Photos]

first_imgThe “Tube” jam transitioned smoothly into “Roggae,”which was typically high-flying and beautiful, the lights twinkling alluringly. The third Big Boat tune of the night, “More,” brought the set to a close, and once again it was tighter and played with more confidence than its last performance. And we’d better get used to it. Considering how clearly they enjoy playing it–and the potency of its euphoric major riff and hopeful theme–this is bound to be a staple set closer for years to come.With a strong first set in the bag, the band came out for set two with another tried-and-true Big Boat jam vehicle, “No Men In No Man’s Land.” Stretching to nearly 25 minutes in length, the fast-paced synth-funk jam moved through several sonic spaces–from funk-synth 80’s jazziness, to reverb-laced and echoing dissonance, to cascading robotic sci-fi flourishes, to almost Radiohead-like pulses pushed by Fishman’s immaculate percussion. More Kaoss pad Trey, cavernous echoes from Mike and, finally, a well-earned peak…This jam was creative, patient, and potent, as the band took a slow, scenic route to a massive musical payoff before returning to the song’s theme.You can watch the extended “No Men In No Man’s Land” opener from Dick’s Night One below, via LivePhish:“Carini” came next, offering the second 20+ minute improvisational odyssey of the set. After a brief “vocal jam” on the song’s first “lumpy head” line, the band kept things dark and murky where many great “Carinis” of late have eventually found their way into blissful major-key territory. Laser-like effects laced the extended jam, which hinted at a resolution to major space before Mike took the reigns and led the outfit back into dark, minor-key weirdness. Trey took the band on his back from there, piloting the ship to the biggest, most euphoric peak of the night to that point before settling into a “Have Mercy”-like reggae groove (with faint hints of “Manteca”) that finally relented into the opening notes of “Ghost.”Like the two songs that preceded it “Ghost” went deep into Type II territory, with everyone adding a little extra fire power from the get-go. By the time the jam hit the 10-minute mark, the “hose” was on full blast, and would remain there for several glorious minutes before returning to the “No Men” theme to raucous applause. By the time the dust had settled, and the band had kicked into “Harry Hood,” the set had already cemented itself as one of the best of the summer, with an hour-plus stretch (“NMINML” > “Carini” > “Ghost”) of top-of-the-line Phish fireworks that will surely be on many fans’ playlists for years to come.After a beautiful (if relatively generic) “Hood,” the band capped their rare 5-song second set with a sing-along “Cavern.” An appropriate Horse > “Silent In The Morning” got the call in the encore slot. After all, this exact thing did happen to us just last year. But that’s only partially true: Phish in 2017 is not the same beast as Phish in 2016…not really. This summer has been an embarrassment of Phish riches, and with two more shows to go, and a Night 1 as strong as this one, the smart money is on that trend continuing the rest of the weekend. Buckle up: Dick’s is swingin’, and it shows no signs of slowing down.You can see a gallery of photos from Dick’s night one below, via photographer Jeremy Scott.SETLIST: Phish | Dick’s Sporting Goods Park | Commerce City, CO | 9/1/17 SET 1: Blaze On, 555, Breath and Burning, Theme From the Bottom > Free, Tube > Roggae > MoreSET 2: No Men In No Man’s Land > Carini > Ghost > Harry Hood > CavernENCORE: The Horse > Silent in the Morning > Character ZeroPhish | Dick’s | 9/1/17 | Photos by Jeremy Scott Last night, Phish began their seventh three-night Labor Day Weekend run at Dick’s Sporting Goods Park in Commerce City, CO. An annual end-of-summer tradition that stretches back to 2011, Phish’s performances at the Denver-area soccer stadium have garnered a hallowed reputation among fans. Phish loves Dick’s, and Trey Anastasio, Jon Fishman, Mike Gordon, and Page McConnell always treat the run accordingly, serving up setlist hijinks and, most importantly, consistently incredible improvisation.Donut Sampler: Relive Phish’s Baker’s Dozen By Rewatching These Free Pro-Shot VideosIn years past, fans came to have certain expectations for Dick’s. However, heading into the 2017 edition, the impending run was as much a mystery as it has ever been. Though there were undoubtedly plenty of surprises to behold (like the “Squirming Coil” bass solo…#neverforget), last year marked the first year the band ditched the setlist themes. These shows also mark the first performances by the band since their triumphant 13-night Baker’s Dozen run at Madison Square Garden earlier this summer, where they planned a special theme for each night and–oh yea–didn’t repeat a single song.Most Shows Spell Something: A Look Back At Phish’s Special Dick’s SetsWould the band bring back the setlist spelling tricks, or is that whole concept a thing of the past? Would they try to continue their “no repeat” streak, or did the end of the Dozen signal the pressing of the proverbial “reset button?” After the truly unique and impressive undertaking of the MSG residency, could the 2017 Dick’s run possibly be as special as the thirteen shows that preceded it? Night one would not answer all the questions that swirled around in the days and weeks that preceded the tour-closing weekend, but it would answer the most important one: Despite the apparent absence of theatrics and themes and donuts and literary puzzles, Dick’s in 2017 is still can’t-miss Phish.The band hit the stage at roughly 8pm local time and launched into “Blaze On,” the first of four selections from 2016’s Big Boat played on Friday night. The tune immediately answered one of the biggest pre-run uncertainties: Phish would not be carrying their New York “no repeat” mission over to Colorado. In fact, every song played on Dick’s night 1 was also played at some point during the Baker’s Dozen–though there were surely no complaints on this night. Don’t worry, kids, this is good news: all your favorite songs are back in play.The show-opening “Blaze” wasted no time, as Trey led the band into major key improv, before the focus shifted to a groove built on funky Page grand piano riffs and reverb-laden Gordon pops. The bright, arena-rock guitar lead returned from there, as Red peppered in dextrous lead lines as he rode the cresting sonic wave to its breaking point. 15-minute “Blaze On” jam to kick off the run? Oh yea. Not a bad way to start…You can watch Phish’s get the Dick’s weekend started with a bang with pro-shot footage of the show-opening “Blaze On” below, via LivePhish:After a longer than usual discussion, the band opted for a straightforward “555,” which quickly led into “Breath and Burning.” Though often maligned for its “dad rock”-ness since its debut last year, the song continues to improve in the live setting. Perhaps the most confident rendition of the tune to date, “Breath and Burning” featured some nice organ work from Page and even began to approach improv territory before returning to the theme and, in turn, oozing into “Theme From The Bottom.”“Theme” got some delicate yet precise flourishes from Trey throughout each of the song’s verses, before those same licks helped draw it up from the depths for a big white-light peak. The fan-favorite also evoked the first of many feelings of admiration toward Kuroda’s 2017 light rig that would arise over the course of the evening. Just as much as the marionette-type behemoth seemed like it was made for MSG, it felt particularly at home in the broad expanses of the Dick’s field, providing some breathtaking vistas for those of us tuning in from the couch.Next, Trey signaled the start of “Free,” which moved quickly from the song’s structure into a breezy, textured jam. The song’s bridge was this rendition’s highlight, as Gordon led a low space-funk groove accented by sci-fi adornments via Trey’s Kaoss pad, which is beginning to rival the Marimba Lumina as his favorite new toy.After another long pause, “Tube” got the call. This “Tube” was not created equal, quickly moving beyond the song’s structure into impeccably tight plinko-funk from Page, with Trey adding staccato texture. Page’s synth and Fishman’s motor-like backbeat created a dark and dirty ambiance, which bubbling fervently into bona fide Type-II space before building to a big rock peak. A fantastic and unique rendition unlike any in recent memory, this rare extended “Tube” jam is surely not to be ignored. Load remaining imageslast_img read more

MSNBC’s Ari Melber Sends Chris Christie “Truckin’” With Grateful Dead Lyrics In TV Report [Watch]

first_imgAri Melber, host of MSNBC‘s The Beat news round-up show, sent governor Chris Christie packin’ last night to the the lyrics of the Grateful Dead‘s classic “Truckin’” last night. Democratic candidate Phil Murphy defeated New Jersey Lt. Governor Kim Guadagno in the state-wide gubernatorial election. Former US Attorney Christie’s tenure as governor has been marred by multiple scandals, and he has has seen his approval drop to among the lowest in the nation over the 8 years since he began his first term in 2010.Trump’s Crazy Campaign Made MSNBC’s Katy Tur Start Listening To Phish Again, According To Her New National Bestseller “Unbelievable: My Front-Row Seat To The Craziest Campaign In American History”As Melber reported the results and moved into an overview of Christie’s rocky tenure in office, he couldn’t help but slip in several references to the Grateful Dead‘s “Truckin’”, noting that it had indeed been a “long strange trip” and even giving a shoutout to the late Jerry Garcia along the way. With the eyes of the world on America in this time of political turmoil, it’s nice to know that there is a voice on the cable news network willing to call it like he sees it.Below, watch the news segment in which Ari Melber says fare thee well to embattled New Jersey governor Chris Christie after his Democratic replacement was officially elected last night (via MSNBC):You can read our interview Ari Melber’s fellow MSNBC Anchor/Jam Fan Katy Tur here.last_img read more

The Byrds Co-Founders Announce ‘Sweetheart of the Rodeo’ 50th Anniversary Tour

first_imgRoger McGuinn and Chris Hillman will celebrate the 50th anniversary of The Byrds seminal country-rock album Sweetheart of the Rodeo with a series of tour dates this summer and fall. The shows will find the two founding members of the pioneering ‘60s rock band teaming up with Marty Stuart and his Fabulous Superlatives to perform songs from the LP and tell stories about the making of the 1968 record.“On March 9, 1968, Roger McGuinn and I along with many fantastic musicians began recording the Sweetheart of the Rodeo album at Columbia Studios in Nashville,” Chris Hillman reportedly said in a statement. “It was truly a pivotal moment in our lives taking a turn toward the music we always felt a strong kinship with. We are honored that it has left a strong, long-lasting impression on country and rock music.”“We’re all looking forward to taking the fans through the back pages of the recording,” McGuinn continued. “The concert will include songs that led up to that groundbreaking trip to Nashville and all the songs from the album.”Recorded in the spring of 1968, Sweetheart of the Rodeo marked a stylistic departure for The Byrds, who had risen to prominence with a potent blend of folk and psychedelia. Most notably, it helped the launch the career of Gram Parsons, who brought a country sensibility to the band just prior to the recording of the album. McGuinn and Hillman have only announced five tour dates so far, but the pair has confirmed that additional dates will be revealed in the near future. Sweetheart of the Rodeo 50th Anniversary Tour:July 24 Los Angeles, CA – Ace HotelJuly 29 Saratoga, CA – Mountain WinerySeptember 18 Albany, NY – Hart TheaterSeptember 20 Hopewell, VA – Beacon TheatreOctober 3 Akron, OH – Akron Civic[H/T – Rolling Stone]last_img read more

Listen To Chris Cornell & His Daughter Cover Prince’s “Nothing Compares 2 U”

first_img[H/T Rolling Stone] On May 18th, 2017, the world lost Chris Cornell, the lead vocalist for iconic rock bands like Soundgarden, Audioslave, and Temple of the Dog. However, Chris Cornell was more than just a famous musician; he was also a loved father and a husband. In honor of Father’s Day on Sunday, Cornell’s daughter, Toni Cornell, shared a previously unreleased duet with her father, in which the two performed a song from another lost musical legend, Prince.The recording features the father-daughter duo’s rendition of “Nothing Compares 2 U”, a track Prince wrote and composed for his side project, The Family, and which appeared on the band’s self-titled 1985 album. “Nothing Compares 2 U” was later made popular by Sinead O’Connor when the Irish singer released it as the second single on her sophomore studio album, I Do Not Want What I Haven’t Got, in 1990.Following The Purple One’s death in April of 2016, a death that similarly shook the music community to its core, Chris Cornell released his own acoustic rendition of “Nothing Compares 2 U”—a stripped-down and emotional tribute to Prince. Cornell would go on to perform this special song almost one hundred times before his own death a little more than a year later.With the release of this new duet, Toni Cornell shared some special words for her father:Daddy, I love you and miss you so much. You were the best father anyone could ask for. Our relationship was so special, and you were always there for me. You gave me courage when I didn’t have any. You believed in me when I didn’t. I miss your love everyday. Recording this song with you was a special and amazing experience I wish I could repeat 100 times over and I know you would too. Happy Father’s Day daddy, nothing compares to you. You can listen to Toni and Chris Cornell’s heartfelt rendition of Prince’s “Nothing Compares 2 U” below via Chris Cornell‘s YouTube page:Toni & Chris Cornell – “Nothing Compares 2 U” (Prince cover)last_img read more

PREMIERE: Mike Gordon, Robert Walter, & John Kimock Join Barika On “Angatta” In Burlington [Pro-Shot Video]

first_imgOn Wednesday, January 30th, Burlington, VT’s own Barika lent support to Robert Walter’s 20th Congress at Higher Ground. While the two bands play very different styles of music, members of the two groups are quite familiar with playing together. Members of both Barika (percussionist Craig Myers) and the recent iteration of Robert Walter’s 20th Congress (keyboardist Robert Walter, drummer John Kimock) tour the country with Phish bassist Mike Gordon as part of his solo band, so who better to show up and lend a musical hand than Mike Gordon himself? Well, that’s exactly what happened.Barika—comprised of Craig Myers, Dopapod’s Rob Compa, Caleb Bronz, Giovanni “Johnny” Rovetto, Chris Hawthorn, and Matt Davide—kicked off the evening’s festivities with their unique blend of “funky, dubbed out, psychedelic West African” sounds. The first guest of the night came early in the set when Daby Touré joined in on vocals. Midway through their set, Barika was joined by Mike Gordon, Robert Walter, and John Kimock for a collaborative rendition of original number “Angatta”, which the collected musicians frequently performed together at Mike Gordon shows.Today, Live For Live Music is pleased to premiere Barika’s multi-cam video for “Angatta” featuring Mike Gordon, Robert Walter, and John Kimock. Craig Myers shared his thoughts on the special “family affair” sit-in, explaining:It was a joy playing with Mike, Johnny, and Robert in the setting of Barika, and I love the energy they bring to this song. Both bands, Mike Gordon’s band and Barika, play ‘Angatta’, but in very different ways. Mike is such a creative and interactive player that it makes for great collective musical conversations. Not to mention Robert’s organ playing and Johnny’s deep pocket grooves. Always a pleasure to play with all of them.Mike Gordon adds,I love working with Craig; he brings a lot of fire and passion, not to mention innovation. And he often has great intuition about what’s working and what isn’t… So it makes sense that his own band would create a thoughtfully constructed, firey flow of sound! Mixing his traditional African instrument with all the fix-ins of a good dance band – horns, guitar, etc. – makes for a fun night, and always a fun sit-in!You can check out the Live For Live Music premiere of Barika’s new video for “Angatta” below:Barika ft. Mike Gordon, Robert Walter, & John Kimock – “Angatta” [Pro-Shot Video]For a full list of Barika’s upcoming tour dates and ticketing information, head to the band’s website.Setlist: Barika | Higher Ground | Burlington, VT | 1/30/2019Set: On The Move, Hit The Ground, Bless The Child, Gotta Be Another Way (ft. Daby Touré), Dark Star, Angatta (ft. Mike Gordon, John Kimock, Robert Walter), Bamanakélast_img read more

Anderson .Paak Talks Grammy Win & Dr. Dre Perfectionism, Performs “Trippy” On ‘Fallon’ [Watch]

first_imgOn Thursday night, Anderson .Paak stopped by The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon to perform a track from his new album, Oxnard, and chat with Fallon about his various recent triumphs, his working relationship with Dr. Dre, and his soulful ambitions for the future.After recounting how he wound up going straight from intensive care with his son to the Grammy red carpet, .Paak talked about his recording process with Oxnard executive producer Dr. Dre—a hero collaborator that he never truly dreamed of working with because the concept seemed to “far-fetched.”Related: THERE WILL BE NO SIMPIN’: Anderson .Paak & The Free Nationals Kick Off ‘Andy’s Beach Club’ World Tour in San FranciscoOn working with Dre, .Paak explained that “both of us are perfectionists, so it’s really frustrating sometimes.” When Fallon asked if the two ever bumped heads, Anderson quickly responded, “Absolutely. His head is bigger than mine too, so it’s like, ‘alright Dre, sounds good to me.’” He also noted that he and Dre made “two albums worth” of music—a promising prospect for fans hoping to hear more new .Paak in the near future—and teased some upcoming new artistic directions: “Lots of soul, a bigger tour, and the best teeth in the game.” You can watch the interview clip below:Anderson .Paak Talks Grammys, Oxnard, Dr. Dre with Jimmy Fallon[Video: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon]In addition to his chat with Jimmy, .Paak and his touring The Free Nationals outfit (augmented by trumpeter Maurice Brown) delivered a performance of Oxnard track “Trippy” for the Tonight Show crowd. Check out the performance below.Anderson .Paak – “Trippy”[Video: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon]Anderson .Paak is currently in the midst of his sold-out Andy’s Beach Club Tour. For more information on his upcoming shows, head to his website here.last_img read more

Pigeons Playing Ping Pong Announce Debut Performance At Terrapin Crossroads

first_imgBaltimore-based jam-funk quartet Pigeons Playing Ping Pong have announced their debut performance at Phil Lesh‘s Terrapin Crossroads venue in San Rafael, CA, set to go down on Wednesday, July 3rd.Pigeons Playing Ping Pong will continue to get their spring tour underway with a performance at Cleveland, OH’s House of Blues on March 22nd followed by shows at Harrisburg, PA’s Capitol Room (3/28); Stroudsburg, PA’s Sherman Theater (3/29); Albany, NY’s Jupiter Hall (3/30); a two-night run at South Burlington, VT’s Higher Ground Ballroom (4/4 & 4/5); Portland, ME’s State Theatre (4/6); and a two-night stand at Rochester, NY’s Anthology on April 12th and 13th.Pigeons will also team up with Twiddle for a five-date co-headlining run through the midwest leading up to their highly anticipated co-headlining show at Red Rocks Amphitheatre on May 2nd.Tickets for Pigeons’ Terrapin Crossroads debut go on sale this Friday, March 15th at 10 a.m. (PST) here.For a full list of PPPP’s upcoming tour dates and ticketing information, head to the band’s website.last_img read more

PHOTOS: Eric Krasno & Friends Featuring Nigel Hall, Louis Cato, Chris Loftlin, Casey Benjamin At Blue Note NYC

first_imgLoad remaining images Load remaining images Louis Cato & Friends | Blue Note NYC | New York, NY | 5/17/19 | Photos: Chris Capacicenter_img On Friday night, guitarist Eric Krasno continued his weekend residency at Blue Note NYC featuring drummer Louis Cato, keyboardist Nigel Hall, and bassist Chris Loftlin.The shows are billed as Eric Krasno & Friends, though longtime fans will recognize the quartet comprised of Krasno, Hall, Cato, and Loftlin as a throwback to an old project, Chapter 2, which rarely plays together these days.However, they’ve played their fair share of memorable performances in the past. In 2009, Chapter 2 performed as part of the first-ever night of music at Brooklyn Bowl for the venue’s soft opening. They wouldn’t reconvene onstage until 2017, when they anchored a headlining, star-studded Eric Krasno & Friends set in that very same building as part of Brooklyn Comes Alive. That Brooklyn Comes Alive set featured a veritable all-star squad of special guests, from John Scofield to George Porter Jr. to Cyril Neville to Jennifer Hartswick to Maurice Brown to Snarky Puppy horns Mike “Maz” Maher and Chris Michetti and beyond. As Krasno mused while the guests accumulated onstage, “They told me that I could bring some friends, but they had no idea how many I’d actually bring!”The Friday edition of Eric Krasno & Friends at the Blue Note saw the talented crew welcome saxophonist Casey Benjamin (The Robert Glasper Experiment) for a scheduled sit-in, and Charles “Chally Mikes” Haynes for a spur-of-the-moment guest spot on drums. Following the Eric Krasno & Friends set, Cato stepped into the driver’s seat for a late-night Louis Cato & Friends performance.Below, you can check out a gallery of photos from both sets courtesy of photographer Chris Capaci.The Eric Krasno Blue Note residency continues tonight, May 18th, featuring Ledisi and tomorrow, May 19th, featuring MonoNeon. For more information and ticketing details, head here.Eric Krasno & Friends | Blue Note NYC | New York, NY | 5/17/19 | Photos: Chris Capacilast_img read more

KITA and Harvard connect to advance Korean Scholarship

first_imgHarvard University and the Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently announced an agreement (Dec. 10) to advance modern Korean scholarship at the University.KITA, through its philanthropic arm, the Korea Sanhak Foundation (KSF), has broadened the gift terms of the $13 million Modern Korea Economy and Society Professorship to promote expanded academic opportunities at Harvard. In addition to supporting tenured or nontenured professors in modern Korean studies in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS), the funds may now be used for related visiting faculty appointments, dissertation research and writing, graduate fellowship support, and research programs in modern Korean economy and society.“The agreement is wonderful news for KITA/KSF and for the University,” said Jorge I. Domínguez, Harvard’s vice provost for international affairs and Antonio Madero Professor of Mexican and Latin American Politics and Economics. “This is a significant gift, with important implications for Korean scholarship, and we are grateful to KITA and KSF for strengthening a partnership that the University holds in high regard.”Domínguez praised Il SaKong, KITA and KSF chairman and CEO — who also chairs the G20 Summit Korea Coordinating Committee — for his leadership in reaching a new accord. “Dr. SaKong was instrumental in facilitating the open dialogue that ultimately led to this announcement.”Harvard President Drew Faust, Lincoln Professor of History, described the agreement as a reaffirmation of the University’s commitment to advancing the field of modern Korean studies in the United States. “KITA and the Sanhak Foundation are enabling Harvard to attract talented faculty and to support young scholars,” she said. “I am grateful to Dr. SaKong for his passionate support of Korean scholarship, and for his efforts to broaden the scope of Harvard’s teaching and research in this important area of study.”First funded by KSF (formerly the Korean Traders Scholarship Foundation) in 1975, the gift has provided for teaching and research support of junior faculty, and for the naming of a senior faculty member to the chair. Carter Eckert, Yoon Se Young Professor of Korean History and acting director of Harvard’s Korea Institute, held the chair before assuming his current professorship.In highlighting the spirit of collaboration that led to the agreement, Domínguez noted the invaluable contributions of several Harvard faculty and staff, particularly Eckert; David McCann, Korea Foundation Professor of Korean Literature and director of the Korea Institute; Dwight Perkins, Harold Hitchings Burbank Research Professor of Political Economy; and Susan Lee Laurence, associate director of the Korea Institute.The Korea International Trade Association is the largest business association in the Republic of Korea. KITA currently has 65,000 member companies.last_img read more

Genetic mechanics

first_imgEverything — from noxious chemicals found in cigarette smoke or car exhaust, to ultraviolet radiation from the sun, to even something as benign as oxygen — is working overtime to damage DNA. Fortunately, all living things have a defense: an intracellular mechanic that patrols DNA, searching for errors and repairing them, thousands of times a day.Using X-ray crystallography, Harvard scientists produced 3-D images of the protein machinery that detects damaged parts of the genome in bacteria, thus enabling them to be repaired. The Harvard group used the images they obtained to gain a new understanding of how the DNA repair process works.As reported in the online version of Nature Structural & Molecular Biology on Feb. 5, the images reveal that the proteins can actually alter their shape. Researchers believe that the alteration is part of a process best described as a genetic “pat-down,” or a way for the mechanism to identify areas of the genetic code that need repair.“What we think is that the sensor detects regions that require repair by subjecting DNA to a stress test,” David Jeruzalmi of Harvard’s Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology and lead author of the paper, said. “As it patrols, one form of the sensor can interact with both native and damaged DNA, but only normal DNA is able to pass the stress test. The sensor performs these stress tests over and over; regions of the genetic code that pass the test are quickly released. However, once a region of DNA is found that fails the “pat-down,” or stress test, the sensor gets stuck and signals for other biochemical processes to take over and repair the DNA.“We were really excited to see the 3-D image of the sensor, because this amazing insight is something that could never emerge from studying these proteins biochemically,” Jeruzalmi added. “You needed to have seen the two views. This is totally unprecedented — there was nothing in any previous study that suggested that something like this was occurring.”The DNA repair machinery is made up of two pairs of proteins: UvrA and UvrB. Although earlier work had shown that the proteins could be arranged into an open, almost butterflylike form, Jeruzalmi’s recent paper found them arranged in a tighter, sleevelike pattern, which cradled the DNA.“When we modeled normal undamaged DNA into the structure, we found that the groove can accommodate it very nicely,” he said. “What we know about damaged DNA is that it is severely distorted in many different ways, so damaged DNA couldn’t fit into this new structure.”“We believe the ‘open’ form is the sensor, because it can read all forms of DNA, whether damaged or native,” he continued. “As the proteins change shape, the closed form can only accommodate native DNA, so when it encounters damage, it stops, and that’s the signal for repair.”The challenge now, Jeruzalmi said, is to determine whether the relatively simple DNA repair system of bacteria can be translated into higher organisms or even into humans, who have a similar, though vastly more complicated, system of proteins. Though it may be years before that system is understood, Jeruzalmi believes this work will serve as a foundation for understanding how DNA repair systems work in any number of organisms.“There’s no question this is the foundation,” he said. “We don’t know how big the building is going to be, but this is the foundation. This is the sort of structural biology that I love, because we learned something that we did not know was actually there. Often, seeing a 3-D structure or image confirms everything you already knew, and that’s fine, but what is really exciting is when you learn something new and unexpected; here we discovered an answer to a question we did not even know to ask.”last_img read more

Model situation?

first_imgIn 2009, when the United States fell into economic recession, greenhouse gas emissions also fell, by 6.59 percent relative to 2008.In the power sector, however, the recession was not the main cause.Researchers at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have shown that the primary explanation for the reduction in CO2 emissions from power generation that year was that a decrease in the price of natural gas reduced the industry’s reliance on coal.According to their econometric model, emissions could be cut further by the introduction of a carbon tax, with negligible impact on the price of electricity for consumers.”If the gas price continues to drop, you’ll continue to go down this curve so that you’ll knock out not just the really ancient coal-fired power plants, but maybe some of the more recent coal-fired plants,” said Xi Lu. Image courtesy of Bruno D. Rodrigues via FlickrA regional analysis, assessing the long-term implications for energy investment and policy, appears in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.In the United States, the power sector is responsible for 40 percent of all carbon emissions. In 2009, CO2 emissions from power generation dropped by 8.76 percent. The researchers attribute that change to the new abundance of cheap natural gas.“Generating 1 kilowatt-hour of electricity from coal releases twice as much CO2 to the atmosphere as generating the same amount from natural gas, so a slight shift in the relative prices of coal and natural gas can result in a sharp drop in carbon emissions,” explains Michael B. McElroy, Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental Studies at SEAS, who led the study.“That’s what we saw in 2009,” he says, “and we may well see it again.”Patterns of electricity generation, use, and pricing vary widely across the United States. In parts of the Midwest, for instance, almost half of the available power plants (by capacity) were built to process coal. Electricity production can only switch over to natural gas to the extent that gas-fired plants are available to meet the demand. By contrast, the Pacific states and New England barely rely on coal, so price differences there might make less of an impact.To account for the many variables, McElroy and his colleagues at SEAS developed a model that considers nine regions separately.Their model identifies the relationship between the cost of electricity generation from coal and gas and the fraction of electricity generated from coal.“When the natural gas prices are high, as they were four years ago, if the gas prices come down a little bit, it doesn’t make any difference,” explains lead author Xi Lu, a postdoctoral associate at SEAS. “But there’s a critical price level where the gas systems become more cost-effective than the oldest coal-fired systems.“If the gas price continues to drop, you’ll continue to go down this curve so that you’ll knock out not just the really ancient coal-fired power plants, but maybe some of the more recent coal-fired plants.”The model also predicts that a government-imposed carbon tax on emissions from power generation would drive a move away from coal.“With a relatively modest carbon tax — about $5 per ton of CO2 — you could save 31 million tons of CO2 in the United States, and that would change the price of electricity by a barely noticeable amount,” says McElroy.The initial model was developed by Jackson Salovaara ’11, an applied mathematics concentrator at SEAS. His work was recognized as the “best senior thesis” in the Harvard Environmental Economics Program, earning him the Stone Prize in May 2011.Since then, the model has been “souped up,” incorporating more sophisticated regional data analysis, and producing not just the findings on 2009 but also predictions for more recent years.“While the data from 2011 are not yet available, based on the gas prices, we’re making a confident prediction that there should be a continued shift from coal to natural gas in 2011 as compared to 2008,” says McElroy.“That’s good news for the atmosphere.”The research was supported by the National Science Foundation.last_img read more

At his own speed

first_imgThose who take an evening stroll through Harvard’s Tercentenary Theatre this week will likely encounter an ethereal projection on the façade of Widener Library: a triptych of dancers who appear to be floating above the main entrance.“Slow Dancing,” a spellbinding art installation using three large screens, is part of Harvard’s annual arts celebration, Arts First, and is the brainchild of artist David Michalek, who discussed his work Friday at Boylston Hall.To create the series of slow-motion video portraits, Michalek captured each subject’s movement (approximately five seconds long) with a high-speed, high-definition camera recording at 1,000 frames per second (standard film captures 30 frames per second). The result is approximately 10 minutes of extreme slow motion. Since its premiere at New York City’s Lincoln Center Festival in 2007, “Slow Dancing” has traveled to London, Paris, and, most recently, the Hague before arriving at Harvard this spring.“Slow Dancing” at Lincoln Center (2007). Photo by Jennifer TaylorWhile the world has become increasingly obsessed with speed, said the discussion’s moderator, Giuliana Bruno, Harvard professor of visual and environmental studies, an “aesthetic of slowness” has taken hold in recent years. She asked Michalek to comment on his choice of capturing the movements of dancers in super slow-motion.The artist said his piece was inspired in large part by Bill Viola’s “The Greeting,” a video work depicting an exchange between three women in extreme slow-motion. Michalek encountered the work at an exhibit at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1997.“It was a really amazing experience to see what otherwise looked like a photograph, but ever so slowly animated and given the element of time. And it was a revelation, and I thought, ‘Someday I want to touch that myself.’”Later, when he met his future wife, Wendy Whelan, a principal dancer with the New York City Ballet, he returned to the idea, inspired by her artistry and eager to capture her “invisible world” of dance.Michalek acquired a high-speed camera, one marketed to golfers to help them analyze their swings, and started to experiment in his living room to capture an image that “moved at the pace of the clouds.”“Slow Dancing” was introduced into Harvard Yard on Friday. A discussion of the project marked its kickoff, with Harvard President Drew Faust making the opening remarks. Prior to the discussion, Jill Johnson (from left), David Michalek, Faust, Giuliana Bruno, and Jack Megan gathered in Boylston Hall.Eventually, he found an engineering firm developing a digital camera that would allow him to show his subjects playback of their work, and to capture images at the correct speed with a “finely resolved image.”But the product lacked a proper cooling system. Having promised the installation for the fast approaching Lincoln Center Festival, Michalek improvised.“We just put icepacks on it,” he said, “and it worked.”When he showed an early version of the piece to a group of children, he realized he was on to something.“These kids sat, their mouths opened — they were glued to the screen.”That experience prompted ideas about how to present the work in a public space, he said, where he could offer viewers “a contemplative environment in the midst of all of that speed.”Michalek acknowledged that the slowness of the work is at first “tough to watch,” but that as it progresses it inspires viewers to “investigate the parts” of the installation through a type of “self-guided exploration.”Jill Johnson, director of the Office for the Arts’ Dance Program and one of 45 dancers and choreographers enlisted by Michalek, also took part in the conversation. She called the process of trying to “distill what you hope to convey” in the span of five seconds “extraordinary.”“It’s at once a great challenge, but also an opportunity.”The filming also had its lighter moments, said the dancer. She joked that a curled lip, almost imperceptible in real time, lasts an eternity during the slow-moving work.A team of workers installed screens on the columns of Widener Library for the projections of “Slow Dancing.”“You’d [tell yourself], ‘OK, I’ve got to keep track of that.’”Harvard President Drew Faust, who opened the discussion, called the work a “visible reminder of our commitment to the arts, and to their continued advancement here at Harvard and well beyond.”“‘Slow Dancing’ invites us to stop,” Faust said, “and it invites us to look very intensely and deeply.” The work also transports viewers to the artist’s world, she added, one consisting of “a singular experience of time and space that prompts a shift in perception and understanding. A shift that is at the heart of all great art, and of all great learning.”“Slow Dancing” will be on view nightly from 7 to 11 through April 29.last_img read more

Coming Home to Cabot House: Krystal Tung ’13

first_imgHarvard College’s unusual House system brings faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates together under one roof in smaller communities that encourage residents to develop as people as well as scholars. Find out why Cabot House resident Krystal Tung ’13 says that the place where she lives is also the place where she explores, creates, connects, and, above all, learns.last_img

Explaining the baby bust

first_imgCall it the baby bust. Even as the world’s population surpasses 7 billion, some countries are facing significant population declines. Mary Brinton’s new research indicates that a complex clash between countries’ gender norms and changing economic realities could explain why, in many developed nations, fewer women are having children.“In global terms, we could think, ‘Well, low fertility is a great thing for the maintenance of the planet,’” Brinton, Reischauer Institute Professor of Sociology and chair of the Sociology Department, told an audience at Harvard Kennedy School Sept. 13. “But for individual countries, it’s definitely … regarded as a problem that needs to be addressed.”The presentation, sponsored by the Women and Public Policy Program’s weekly lunchtime seminar series, highlighted research from a working paper by Brinton and Dong Ju Lee, a graduate student in sociology at Harvard. The work is part of the Project on Gender Equity and Low Fertility, a year-old initiative funded by the National Science Foundation that Brinton is running, along with collaborators in Spain, Japan, and Sweden.Many countries in Southern Europe and East Asia now have a birthrate — the number of children born to each woman, on average — below 1.5, a ratio well below what is needed to ensure steady population replacement from one generation to the next. (Most experts put that figure at 2.1, to account for some infant mortality.)The implications of a rapidly aging population — growing health care costs, increasing burdens on the younger, working-age population — are enough to keep “policymakers in East Asia and Southern Europe awake at night,” Brinton said. And while an influx of immigrants can help to keep populations from shrinking, some researchers and policymakers are turning their attention to finding other ways to boost birthrates.Demographers call the phenomenon “lowest-low fertility,” and over the past two decades more and more postindustrial countries have found themselves facing it. The puzzle for Brinton and other researchers lies in the fact that traditionally family-oriented societies, such as Italy and Japan, aren’t immune to the problem — in fact, they appear to be slightly more prone to low birthrates than their more progressive neighbors.“The countries that are suffering from the very lowest fertility are not the countries that have the highest percentages of married women in the labor force,” Brinton said, although that tended to be true in the past. “Instead, the countries that have a high rate of female labor force participation among married women tend to have slightly higher fertility.”To learn why that might be, Brinton and Lee studied existing survey data provided by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development from 24 postindustrial countries that gauged men’s and women’s attitudes toward gender roles in the home and the workplace. In countries with more conservative respondents (those who viewed men as breadwinners and women as primary caregivers), Brinton and Lee found, birthrates were lower.However, countries whose citizens tended to hold strictly egalitarian views — who believed that all men and women should work outside the home, for instance, or that being a housewife is not a fulfilling role — also had lower birthrates.Societies that tend to have steady birthrates appear to be those with flexible attitudes toward women’s roles in the home and the workplace, which “allows people to do family in various ways,” Brinton said. The United States and Great Britain both fall into that category, according to the data.That flexibility is increasingly important in today’s economy, Brinton said. In countries where women cannot easily exit and reenter the workforce, having children may seem like an untenable burden for a woman who values her career.As many postindustrial societies face economic slumps, the pressure on men in conservative-minded, “male breadwinner” countries is compounded. Young men wait to start families until they can provide for them, which in countries such as Japan and Italy has resulted in delaying the average age of marriage and thus of childbirth for both men and women.“We don’t think it’s all about the economy,” Brinton said. “We think there’s this mixed explanation that’s based on the dominant norms of a society about men’s and women’s roles, labor market structure, and the [country’s] economic conditions.”For the next stage of the project, Brinton and her graduate students will look at how the attitudes measured in the gender surveys have changed over time. They’re also conducting in-depth interviews with young women and men in the countries they’ve surveyed, to try to capture more nuanced attitudes on questions of gender roles in the home and the workplace — and how those might be tied to their views on having children.“The texture of people’s lives, how they’re making decisions, and how they feel judged by other people for those decisions, and how they feel about themselves — whether they’re being a ‘bad mom’ or a ‘bad father’ — those are all important,” Brinton said. “We only know anecdotally about those things. I think we can do better than anecdotes.”last_img read more

Managing just fine

first_imgA new Harvard study explodes the commonly held image of the stressed-out boss, revealing that leaders actually have lower stress levels than lower-ranking individuals, likely because they have greater control over their office lives.The study, published online in this week’s Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, compared stress indicators, including levels of the hormone cortisol and self-reported anxiety, between groups of leaders and nonleaders.Researchers from the Harvard Kennedy School’s Decision Science Laboratory, led by Jennifer Lerner, a professor of public policy and management, conducted in-depth surveys to understand respondents’ leadership status and also collected saliva samples for hormone analysis.“The conventional wisdom is it is very stressful to be the top dog, the CEO or the military general. There are an increasing number of popular press books stemming from the idea that the top dog needs help managing stress,” Lerner said. “Our results indicate that the top dog has less stress as measured by baseline cortisol. That is quite surprising to some people.”The study, part of a large-scale, four-year project supported primarily by the National Science Foundation, was conducted with colleagues from Harvard, Stanford University, and the University of California, San Diego. It consisted of two parts. In the first, Lerner and colleagues compared cortisol and self-reported anxiety levels between a group of nonleaders, mostly from around Greater Boston, and a group of leaders, mostly participants in a Harvard Kennedy School executive education program that typically attracts mid- to high-ranking government and military officials. Results showed that leaders had both significantly lower levels of cortisol and lower anxiety than nonleaders.In the study’s second part, researchers examined the same two variables among another sample of leaders, finding that higher-ranking leaders had lower levels of both cortisol and anxiety than lower-ranking leaders. Researchers found that the greater sense of control that comes with higher leadership levels helped explain the reduced cortisol.Examining those results in greater detail, researchers found that two measures of leadership — the total number of subordinates and authority over subordinates —were significant in creating that sense of control. The number of people who report directly to a leader — which would indicate greater day-to-day management — did not, however.The study originated in a decidedly unscientific fashion, Lerner said. Although she typically conducts experiments to investigate specific theories, this study stemmed from an accident of location: Her office in the Kennedy School’s Center for Public Leadership faces the quadrangle where visiting leaders’ motorcades pull up, allowing Lerner to watch the deference and ceremony with which they’re met. Once she started thinking about the topic, she understood that the executive education programs offered a resource through which stress and leadership status could be explored.“It was absurdly a-theoretical at its inception,” Lerner said. “A common criticism of psychology research is that we study college students as subjects. Supposedly, if we studied employed, successful adults, we would observe different results. Well, we have extremely successful people come into executive education programs — indeed some are world leaders. I thought this was an opportunity to test that common criticism and to expand our knowledge in how meaningful status differences play out in emotion, decision making, and stress.”Gary Sherman, a postdoctoral fellow in the Decision Science Lab and the paper’s first author, said the less-stress finding is the paper’s most surprising, but that it’s also important that researchers were able to track that to the sense of control that leadership enables.Sherman and Lerner noted that the study primarily tested leaders who are in stable positions and supported by their organizations. Leaders in unstable situations they termed “contested hierarchies” likely have higher stress levels.Lerner said the results could help employers better manage stress levels in the workforce, perhaps by giving stressed-out lower-level managers more control. Lerner said the lab, one of the few behavioral labs at a school of public policy, is engaged in further studies examining the role of other hormones, like testosterone, and the role of DNA in leadership.The research provides insights not only to the scientific community but also to the participants themselves, Lerner said, adding that the executive education students seem to enjoy participating and receiving feedback from the work.“We share findings with the participants in every class. It gives my colleagues and I a chance to support individuals who have dedicated their lives to public service, whether that dedication takes the form of being a military leader, an elected official, or a diplomat. Occasionally, we even have Navy SEALs in the lab. They experience high stress during situations that require fast, accurate decisions. We have a lot to learn from them,” Lerner said. “I’m looking forward to years of research with this kind of population.”last_img read more

HAA honors four Aloian Scholars

first_imgEach May, the Harvard Alumni Association (HAA) selects two undergraduates to receive the David and Mimi Aloian Memorial Scholarships. This year, in honor of the program’s 25th anniversary, the HAA selected four students. They will be honored at the fall meeting of the HAA Board of Directors on Sept. 27.The criteria for the award reflect the traits valued and embodied by the late David and Mimi Aloian: thoughtful leadership that makes the College an exciting place in which to live and study, and special contributions to the quality of life in the Houses. David Aloian ’49 was the HAA’s executive director, and he and his wife, Mary “Mimi” Aloian, served as masters of Quincy House from 1981 to 1986.This year’s David and Mimi Aloian Memorial ScholarsMatthew Chuchul ’13 of Pforzheimer House, Laura Hinton ’13 of Cabot House, Abiola Laniyonu ’13 of Lowell House, and Meghan Joy Smith ’13 of Leverett House.Matthew Chuchul, of New Hyde Park, N.Y., is co-chair of his House Committee and, according to his House masters, has “dramatically increased participation. His leadership is genuine; he is consistently concerned about others, asking students about their lives and their opinions.” This past February, noting a void in “Pfoho’s” history, Chuchul teamed up with the Harvard College Women’s Center to launch the “Radcliffe Revolution,” a photographic retrospective and evening of alumnae recollections of the transition to gender-mixed housing. The presentation, which involved posters, documents, and a panel, brought together more than 100 alumni, students, House administrators, and other interested members of the Harvard community.Laura Hinton, of Alameda, Calif., has helped build and strengthen the Cabot House community and is truly devoted to the well-being and sense of belonging among all students, tutors, and staff in her community. In addition to her role as co-chair of the Cabot House Committee, she is a founding team member of the Cabot Café, a space for students to engage intellectually and socially with tutors, faculty, and fellow students. The café serves hundreds of customers each week and is making an important contribution to improving Harvard undergraduate life. Hinton’s House masters believe that the café is “a model for other Houses in how to create social spaces in innovative ways that provide leadership and learning opportunities for the students.”Abiola Laniyonu, of Derwood, Md., has worked tirelessly to strengthen the Lowell House community, enrich intellectual opportunities, and nurture fellow students to participate more fully in the life of the House. Just one example of harnessing his ability to solve complex problems and meet a need in the community is when he — on his own initiative — helped modernize the Lowell House library by creating custom software to analyze the more than 10,000 library holdings. Community members can now cross-reference their books against other Harvard holdings, all while taking into account the current prices of the books. Laniyonu served as secretary of the House Committee and continues to bring his creativity, enthusiasm, perspective, and reliability to the committee through an at-large leadership position created specifically for him.Meghan Joy Smith, of Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada, believes the personal well-being of the members within a House is the essence of a community and “is relentless in her devotion to the mental and physical wellness of her fellow Leverites,” according to her House masters. Among Smith’s many contributions to House and College life, the most dramatic has been her work with the Student Mental Health Liaisons. More than just raising the awareness level, she has worked hard to change the culture — to make asking for help a normal response to stress or illness. She is also active as a Drug and Alcohol Peer Advisor and is the captain of Leverett’s intramural crew women’s B boat.last_img read more