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Your brain on mesh Injectable flexible probe melds with neurons causes little

first_img Fig. S2. Time-dependent histology of chronically implanted mesh electronics (A–C) and flexible thin-film probes (D–F) in mice brains (horizontal sections). Tissue slices are labeled with Iba-1 (magenta) to highlight microglia; mesh electronics and flexible thin-film probes were imaged by DIC and are pseudocolored blue. (Scale bars in all images, 100 μm.) Credit: Zhou T, Hong G, Fu T-M, Yang X, Schuhmann TG, Robert D. Viveros, RD, Lieber CM (2017) Syringe-injectable mesh electronics integrate seamlessly with minimal chronic immune response in the brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114(23):5894-5899. As mentioned earlier, the scientists’ 2015 paper initiated the concept of syringe injectable electronics, which Lieber notes opens up a new field with many opportunities awaiting further studies—an example being co-injection of electronics and cells where mesh electronics also functions as a tissue growth scaffold relevant to regenerative medicine. “In the paper being discussed herein we report systematic time-dependent chronic histology studies of the tissue-mesh interface after the mesh probes were implanted into rodent brains. Both horizontal (which contains cross-sections of implanted mesh probes) and sagittal (which contains nearly the entire implanted mesh probes) brain slices were used for immunohistochemistry and were stained with antibodies that can target neuron somata, axons, astrocytes and microglia. The results in this paper reveal the uniqueness of mesh probes in terms of minimal or absence of tissue response and neuron penetration when chronically implanted in the brain. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Explore further Fig. 2. Time-dependent histology of horizontal tissue slices containing implanted mesh electronics and flexible thin-film probes. Confocal fluorescence microscopy images of horizontal tissue slices containing mesh electronics/flexible thin-film probes at 2 wk (A and D), 4 wk (B and E), and 3 mo (C and F) postimplantation. In all of the panels the image labels were NeuN (I, green), NF (II, red), GFAP (III, cyan), and NeuN, NF, GFAP composite (IV). The mesh electronics and flexible thin-film cross-sections are pseudocolored blue. (Scale bars in all images, 100 μm.) Credit: Zhou T, Hong G, Fu T-M, Yang X, Schuhmann TG, Robert D. Viveros, RD, Lieber CM (2017) Syringe-injectable mesh electronics integrate seamlessly with minimal chronic immune response in the brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114(23):5894-5899. The minimal, recoverable acute damage and the absence of an immune response support the possibility that mesh electronics may be permanently viable. “According to our past and ongoing studies thus far, mesh probes can maintain a stable recording/stimulation interface with the brain tissue for at least one to two years,” Lieber says. “However, this time period does not represent the achievable life expectancy since ongoing studies are currently under way to demonstrate even longer-term stability.” Due to the limitation of the rodent two- to three-year lifetime, the scientists expect to find more extensive stability in longer-living mammals such as rhesus macaques and in studies currently under way. “In the case with absent immune response as demonstrated in our recent paper, the life expectancy of mesh electronics should only be determined by biocompatibility and lifetime of the materials, including the metal electrodes (gold and platinum, which are both inert), and the passivating polymer that has been studied extensively in previous publications (such as Nemani et al 2) to show long-term stability in physiological conditions). Therefore, we remain confident that mesh electronics will likely have a life expectancy with stable neural interface and recording/stimulation functions for years, and envision the mesh ultimately as lifetime implant.”However, Lieber adds, should the mesh need to be removed, it can be directly extracted with minimum force and damage to the brain. “While this could cause a small amount of damage due to seamless integration with neural tissue, we believe the unprecedented stability and absence of chronic immune response of our neural tissue-like mesh electronics will lead to a paradigm change where the probe is a lifelong implantation that does not require removal.”Moving forward, Lieber says that they are conducting ongoing studies of new mesh designs having high large numbers of electrodes and multisite injections. “Moreover, our next steps include implantations of mesh electronics into tissues and organs other than the brain—for example, in the eye for in vivo recording of single retinal ganglion cells, in the spinal cord, in the muscle for studying signal propagation at the neuromuscular junction, and so on. We’re also beginning studies exploiting the unprecedented stability and absence of chronic immune response of the mesh electronics in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease models, and are working on implantation of mesh electronics in non-human primates subjects and human patients.”They also see a wide range of current and potential applications benefitting from the use of their mesh probe, including spinal cord and neuromuscular junction implants, brain–machine interfaces, cyborg animals, natural and pathological aging (such as Alzheimer’s disease) with insight on how spatial memory and learning evolve as a function of age and disease stage. Moreover, by adding stimulation electrodes, being able to enable fine level feedback that can ameliorate or overcome the cognitive declines associated with aging and other neurodegenerative diseases.As to other areas of research that might benefit from their study, Lieber says that in general, most areas of fundamental neuroscience research could benefit from mesh electronics’ unique capabilities of long-term stability and single neuron resolution. “In addition, almost any clinical/medical application that involves electrical recordings and/or stimulations will benefit from our studies. In addition to that mentioned above,” he concludes, “the mesh electronics should provide unique opportunities for brain-machine interfaces for tetraplegic patients, deep brain stimulations for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, and neural prosthetics in general.” Citation: Your brain on mesh: Injectable flexible probe melds with neurons, causes little or no chronic immune response (2017, July 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-07-brain-mesh-flexible-probe-melds.html Fig. 1. Schematics of mesh electronics. (A) Schematics of the mesh electronics structure in 2D. (I) Overall design of mesh electronics structure, where the blue lines highlight the overall mesh structure, the black filled circles at left indicate I/O pads, and the red filled circles indicate recording electrodes. (II) A single unit cell of mesh electronics, where the orange lines, which are shown without top polymer layer, highlight the metal interconnects and blue lines correspond to polymer passivation layer; w1, w2, and wm indicate the widths of the longitudinal polymer, transverse polymer, and metal lines, respectively. The schematic in the green dashed box highlights the cross-section view, which shows the polymer encapsulated metal structure, at the position indicated by the green dashed line. (B) Schematic of free-standing mesh electronics floating in aqueous solution and ready to be loaded into a glass needle. (C) Schematic of mesh electronics injected into mouse brain, with part of the mesh sagging between the brain and the needle. (D) Schematic of mesh electronics implanted in brain tissue with horizontal (yellow plane) and sagittal (green plane) sectioning directions highlighted in the inset. (E) Schematics of the interface between mesh electronics and the brain tissue (Left, cross-section view) and that between flexible thin-film and the brain tissue (Right, cross-section view). Mesh elements and the flexible thin-film are highlighted in blue, neurons are in purple, and glial scar is in yellow. Credit: Zhou T, Hong G, Fu T-M, Yang X, Schuhmann TG, Robert D. Viveros, RD, Lieber CM (2017) Syringe-injectable mesh electronics integrate seamlessly with minimal chronic immune response in the brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114(23):5894-5899. The probe—which does not require a power supply—directly records neural voltage changes by being able to interface with all regions of the brain from the level of single neuron through circuits and networks, in which the mesh recording electrode is connected by passivated metal lines (that is, having a protective coating applied to its surface) to input/output pads located at the opposite end of the mesh structure. These I/O pads, in turn, are then connected to Flat Flexible Cables (FFC) and plugged in external system for recording. The researchers also conducted systematic post-implantation studies, finding minimal or absent neural immune responses, and moreover that brain tissue had penetrated and merged with the mesh probe. The scientists note that the mesh implant may never require removal—but if it does, doing so would be a straightforward if not issue-free procedure. They conclude that most areas of fundamental neuroscience research could benefit from mesh electronics providing long-term stability and single-neuron resolution—unique capabilities not found in conventional neuroprosthetics—and state in their paper that ultraflexible open mesh electronics probes could in the future enable a wide range of opportunities for in vivo chronic recording and modulation of brain activity.Chemical Biology Mark Hyman Jr. Professor of Chemistry Charles Lieber discussed the paper that he, Lead author Graduate Student Tao Zhou, Postdoctoral Fellow Guosong Hong, and their colleagues published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “The main challenge of designing and implanting an injectable ultraflexible open mesh probe is ensuring the design has four key features,” Lieber tells Phys.org. These factors are mesh openings larger than cell bodies to facilitate neuron penetration; mesh element features that are the same size or smaller than neurons; flexibility that in this study was many orders of magnitude greater than that of neurons; and mesh electronics that can be easily injected through very high-gauge needles to precisely control the mesh position. “By designing the mesh electronics such that all key properties are neuromorphically similar to neural tissue, we eliminate chronic immune response that is found with all other probes and medical implants, which are more like thorns in your tissue.” Fig. 4. Histology of a sagittal tissue slice containing nearly the full implanted mesh electronics probe. (A and B) Confocal fluorescence microscopy images of a sagittal tissue slice including the mesh electronics probe at 3 mo postimplantation. Each of the images are 3×3 composite images recorded directly in the Tile Scan mode, where each component image of the Tile Scan had a field of view of 425 μm × 425 μm. The tissue slice was stained with antibodies for NeuN (green), NF (red), and GFAP (cyan); the mesh is shown as pseudocolored blue. The images were recorded at an optical focal plane ca. 5 μm below the surfaces of side-A (A) and side-B (B). (C) Fluorescence intensity as a function of distance from the boundary of the mesh electronics in images of side-A (A) and side-B (B). The pink shaded regions indicate interior of mesh electronics on each side. The NF and GFAP fluorescence intensity was analyzed based on the entire images, and the NeuN fluorescence intensity was analyzed based on the regions shown in yellow dashed boxes in A and B. Error bars represent SEM. Credit: Zhou T, Hong G, Fu T-M, Yang X, Schuhmann TG, Robert D. Viveros, RD, Lieber CM (2017) Syringe-injectable mesh electronics integrate seamlessly with minimal chronic immune response in the brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114(23):5894-5899. More information: Syringe-injectable mesh electronics integrate seamlessly with minimal chronic immune response in the brain, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017) 114(23):5894-5899, doi:10.1073/pnas.1705509114Related1 Syringe-injectable electronics, Nature Nanotechnology (2015) 10:629-636, doi:10.1038/nnano.2015.1152 Stable long-term chronic brain mapping at the single-neuron level, Nature Methods (2016) 13:875-882, doi:10.1038/nmeth.39693 In vitro and in vivo evaluation of SU-8 biocompatibility, Materials Science and Engineering: C (2013) 33(7:4453-4459, doi.10.1016/j.msec.2013.07.001 A new window to understanding the brain The researchers used standard photolithography to fabricate the mesh electronics probes using a polyimide-based photoresist (polyimides are biocompatible) in a three-layer structure;1. the bottom mesh structure (typically ~400 nm thick) is defined per the specific design2. the metal interconnects, input/output pads, and brain electrodes are defined, these being ~100 nm thick3. the top layer of polyimide resist is defined such that all metal is encapsulated except for the I/O pads and electrodes, where the approach and subsequent polymer processing leads to a robust near-monolithic structure <1 um in thicknessLieber points out that the neuromorphic nature of the mesh electronics probes is related to the above three points, the bio/neural compatibility of the polyimide polymer used for the mesh, and the post-implantation open three-dimensional mesh structure. Together, he adds, these features make the injected mesh electronics quite similar to neural networks that comprise brain tissue, and therefore quite distinct from conventional probes. © 2017 Phys.org "The main challenges of demonstrating that the probes do not elicit inflammation or scarring—unlike the typical chronic tissue response—is to characterize the tissue-mesh interface at different times post-implantation," Lieber explains. To accomplish this, without removing implanted mesh probes the researchers sectioned mouse brains into both cross-sectional and longitudinal or sagittal (left/right) slices. "Investigations of both cross and longitudinal sections with the implanted mesh electronics probe provided detailed and global views, respectively, of probe/tissue interaction," he notes, stressing that in most cases conventional probes must be removed from tissue before sectioning, resulting in loss of some critical interface information."The horizontal and sagittal brain slices—which contain cross-sections of implanted mesh probes, and nearly the entire implanted mesh probe, respectively—were stained with antibodies that can target neuron somata, axons, astrocytes and microglia," Lieber continues, Moreover, he points out that these studies demonstrated that unlike conventional probes, neuron somata and axons around mesh probes were not harmed, and led to natural tissue levels at the mesh probe surface. "Similarly, the markers for immune response inflammation highlighting astrocytes and microglia showed that these species became background level after only a couple of weeks in the mesh electronics—but they proliferated and accumulated at the interfaces of conventional probes." The scientists also found that the ability of allowing the neurons and mesh to interpenetrate is universal for all meshes they injected and imaged at 6~12 weeks post injection, prompting them to initiate additional experiments to find out how the size of mesh electronics structural elements and other parameters might be tuned to enhance the capability of neuron interpenetration.It should be noted, Lieber tells Phys.org, that the researchers are being conservative when in their paper they write a minimal immune response pending more detailed marker analyses. "In fact, we believe there is no immune response from the mesh because our results show that any initial enhancement in astrocyte and microglia return to background with no measureable difference proximate or distal to the probe at 12 weeks—and, as shown in our 2016 Nature Methods paper1—up to at least one year. We thus believe that the response is due to acute damage that occurs when inserting the needle (or for that matter, any probe) into the brain—but given the lack of immune response from the mesh probe, this acute damage all heals over time, as opposed to worsening, as is the case with conventional probes." , Nature Methods (Phys.org)—Neuroprostheses, neural probes and other intraneural tissue implants have offered remarkable benefits to recipients in a number of areas in neuroscience research and biomedical applications, therapeutic examples being not only Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, and other neurological/neurologically-related conditions, as well as cognition, memory, and sensorimotor disorders. However, current neural implants have several drawbacks, including neural tissue inflammation or scarring due to device micromotion, as well as longevity and the potential need for removal, and high power requirements. Devising electrical probes that seamlessly integrate within neural tissue has therefore been a coveted goal. To that end, scientists at Harvard University have reported the successful implantation of a neuromorphic (that is, having a structure similar to brain tissue) ultraflexible open mesh electronics neural probe that is delivered to specific brain regions via syringe injection (a protocol they published in 2015 in Nature Nanotechnology)1. Journal information: Nature Nanotechnology This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

EPA Aims To Roll Back Limits On Methane Emissi

first_imgEPA Aims To Roll Back Limits On Methane Emissions From Oil… by NPR News Merrit Kennedy 8.29.19 5:59pm The Trump Administration is proposing to slash restrictions on the oil and gas industry for methane emissions, a greenhouse gas that is a powerful driver of climate change.Environmental groups are alarmed. “This would be a huge step backward,” said Ben Ratner, a senior director at the Environmental Defense Fund. “It would cause greatly increased pollution and a big missed opportunity to take cost effective immediate action to reduce the rate of warming right now.”The Trump administration argues it would save the oil and gas industry $17 million to $19 million annually in compliance costs. But that’s “such a small fraction of the industry total cash flow that it’s just laughable,” says Harvard University’s Steven Wofsy, a professor of atmospheric and environmental science. The Trump administration also says it does not anticipate an increase in the level of methane emissions if the proposal is implemented — but scientists disagree with that assumption. Methane powerfully traps heat, and can warm the atmosphere at 25 times the rate of carbon dioxide. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the oil and gas industry is the largest source of methane emissions in the U.S. In March 2017, Trump ordered agencies to “review existing regulations that potentially burden the development or use of domestically produced energy resources.” This proposal came out of that review. In a statement describing the proposal, EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler reiterated an argument against such regulations often used by the oil and gas industry: “The Trump Administration recognizes that methane is valuable, and the industry has an incentive to minimize leaks and maximize its use.”Critics of that logic say that it doesn’t always make immediate economic sense for companies to upgrade old, leaky equipment for newer models, even if they could use the leaked methane. Industry reaction was mixed. The American Petroleum Institute welcomed the rollback. “The oil and natural gas industry is laser-focused on cutting methane emissions through industry initiatives, smart regulations, new technologies, and best practices,” said Erik Milito, API’s Vice President of Upstream and Industry Operations.But some oil and gas companies, including Shell, BP and Exxon, have actually supported the Obama-era regulations. “Shell remains committed to achieving our target of maintaining methane emissions intensity below 0.2% by 2025 for all operated assets globally,” Shell U.S. President Gretchen Watkins said in a statement. “Despite the Administration’s proposal to no longer regulate methane, Shell’s U.S. assets will continue to contribute to that global target.”The greenhouse gas methane is released at many points in the industry: “Methane is emitted to the atmosphere during the production, processing, storage, transmission, and distribution of natural gas and the production, refinement, transportation, and storage of crude oil,” the EPA has said. The EPA’s main proposal on methane, released Thursday, would “remove sources [from regulation] in the transmission and storage segment of the oil and gas industry.” It would also rescind emissions limits on methane from the production and processing steps. The Trump administration points out that U.S. methane emissions are on a downward trend, and argues that will continue, despite the rollback to regulations. In a phone call with reporters, EPA acting assistant administrator for the Office of Air and Radiation Anne Idsal said that existing limits for ozone-forming volatile organic compounds will remain in place for the industry’s production and processing sectors.”Frankly, the controls to reduce VOC emissions also reduce methane emissions at the same time, so we don’t believe that separate methane limitations for that segment of the industry are necessary – and quite frankly, are redundant,” Idsal said. Stanford University’s Adam Brandt, an energy resources engineering professor who focuses on greenhouse gas emissions, does not agree. “This proposal is likely to result in higher methane emissions and to stall progress the industry has made in detecting and fixing leaks,” he said. Brandt also said existing limits on VOCs will not reduce methane emissions as much as is needed to meet climate goals. Harvard scientist Wofsy agreed that there’s no evidence the rollback won’t increase methane emissions. “I think it will have significant negative impact,” he says. He said this proposal withdraws regulations from parts of the oil and gas industry notorious for emitting methane, such as storage tanks. New York Attorney General Letitia James decried the plan as part of an “unconscionable assault on the environment,” and vowed to “use the full power of my office to fight back against this.”The proposal will go through a 60 day public comment period, and the EPA will hold a hearing about it in Texas. If the change becomes final, it will likely face legal challenges. That means the proposal might not take effect before the 2020 election. NPR’s Jeff Brady contributed to this report.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Charlie Riedellast_img read more

Chinese consulate gets Joyee footballs thanks to Refugee Handicrafts

first_imgKolkata: With the immense success in Bengal and in other parts of the country, the Refugee Handicrafts have now become successful in making Joyee footballs for the Chinese consulate in Kolkata.Refugee Handicrafts, which was set up in 1950 to help refugees earn their livelihood, had lost all its importance due to the lackadaisical attitude of the erstwhile Left Front government. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee finally set up the Refugee Handicrafts Managing Committee comprising veteran football players and revived the organisation. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsMaking footballs was one of the key sectors that played a crucial role in revival of Refugee Handicrafts that functions under the supervision of the state MSME department. Manas Bhattacharya, the chairman of the committee, said: “The Chinese Consulate in Kolkata had tested the footballs that were being prepared by us and subsequently they placed an order for 850 Challenger Joyee footballs. The footballs have been supplied to the consulate.””We are hopeful that they will place orders for more number of footballs in future. Besides showing interest for football, there were also queries for other handicraft goods that are being made by members of Refugee Handicrafts,” said Bhattacharya. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHe further said Joyee footballs are in use at nine centres of the Sports Authority of India (SAI) including Cuttack, Dhanbad and Kolkata. Members of the Refugee Handicrafts mostly women got involved in the making of Joyee footballs and they were provided with the necessary training. They have made more than 1 lakh footballs during the FIFA Under-17 Football World Cup that held in October 2017. The Mamata Banerjee government took several steps to promote the Joyee footballs and the state government had distributed it among Durga Puja organisers ahead of Durga Puja in 2017. The footballs were displayed outside Puja Mandaps and it helped in promotion. Similarly, two footballs were given to each of the 12,000 local clubs in the state ahead of the FIFA Under-17 Football World Cup and to encourage more youth to get involved in playing football. Footballs were also distributed in educational institutions including all high schools, higher secondary schools, high Madrassas and colleges and police lines to promote. Each of these institutions got five footballs.Bhattacharya said the success of Joyee footballs has helped Refugee Handicrafts in its revival and now steps are also being taken for better promotion of other handicraft goods as well.last_img read more

Young turks for peace

first_imgThe programme is again making a difference with the visit of 50 delegates including 30 students of 15 schools from Lahore, Karanchi, Rawalpindi and Islamabad. With an aim to strengthen the relation, spread peace and friendship between the two nations, the Indo-Pak students along with Pakistan delegates were invited by Hon’ble High Commissioner, Pakistan High Commission Abdul Basit.Indian students from Dev Samaj School and Okhla, DPS shushantlok Gurgaon welcomed students from Pakistan who came from Lahore, Karanchi, Rawalpindi and Islamabad and they showcased greetings, letters, collage and video at Pakistan High commission in the presence of HC Abdul Basit, Rakesh Gupta, founder R2R and Tina Vachani, co-founder R2R. Pakistani students also shared their experience in India along with their Indian friends. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’High Commissioner, Pakistan High Commission Abdul Basit said, “The youth of both countries is the hope of the region, their courage, curiosity and spontaneity will surely bring a change. Young people on both sides are aware how important peace between India and Pakistan is to realise our potential. I am confident they are ready to work together to achieve the shared objective of peace and prosperity.” The event will see students from both the nations sharing their culture, lifestyle, familial tradition and even the ways in which they carry out conversation! “This excellent learning opportunity typically leaves students with better understanding of people and their lifestyle,” says Rakesh Gupta, Founder, Routes2Roots. He adds further, “The programme Exchange for Change has brought about visible change in the perception of the young participants from both the countries. And, not to mention, these students will be the leaders of tomorrow, so it is actually a positive step towards a peaceful future.” Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixSwaleha Alam Shehzada, Citizen Archives of Pakistan, said, “Crossing over with Pakistani students and teachers through the historic gates of Wagah – Attari is always a special moment for the EFC participants. It brings us one step closer to our friends across the border, one step closer to appreciating each other and a final step towards a lasting commitment of friendship.”In order to spread happiness and peace, both the organisations have been working together to host many cultural activities in India and Pakistan. Sharing her experience for such initiative, Paayal Ramesh, student, Dawood Public School, Karachi says, “The two years of Exchange for Change have been wonderful. This has helped me polish my aim of making friends from Pakistan and India. It is actually like a long-lasting experience which I can’t describe in words.” With an opportunity to meet students from different parts of Pakistan, Adeeba, class 8th, student, Dev Samaj School shares, “Of course this is going to be a lifetime moment. Apart from fun and interesting sessions, it will be incredible to exchange thoughts and learn new things from them, even though it’s for a short span.” With an objective to spread peace and prosperity in India and Pakistan, Routes 2 Roots and The Citizens Archive of Pakistan have opted the future generations of both the nations. The initiative has been praised and endorsed by parents from both the countries.last_img read more

Bengal students pass with flying colours in CBSE Class X exam

first_imgKolkata: The region comprising schools of Bengal recorded a slightly higher pass percentage than the national average in the class X results of Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) announced on Tuesday.As per statistics provided by the CBSE Board, Bhubaneswar region, which includes the state, recorded a pass percentage of 89.27 compared to the overall 86.70 percent recorded at the national level. This region, however, lagged behind three regions namely Thiruvanthapuram (99.6%), Chennai (97.37%) and Ajmer (91%). Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe highest marks from Bengal has been likely bagged by Sourit Sarkar, a student of DPS Ruby Park. Sourit, who has secured 99.2 percent loves studying mathematics and physics and aims to pursue research in astronomy.”I had pulled up my socks from the beginning of class X and studied throughout the year. At times, it became a little hectic while juggling between private coaching and school. I treated the board exam just like my school exams. I studied all the text books in detail, not leaving out anything and made it a point to familiarise myself with each and every paragraph. I paid attention to classroom lectures, reference books and modules other than the regular course books,” he said. Sourit also credited his father and said he always emphasised on self-study, which contributed in achieving his goal. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHe also thanked his school for the support of the faculty, who helped him to turn his weaknesses into strengths.Some of the other toppers from Kolkata include Ayshwarya Ghosh, who scored 494 out of 500 with 98.8 percent and Sayan Maji, who scored 492 out of 500 with the same percentage. Both of them are students of South Point High School. Ushasi Das of Sushila Birla Girls’ School scored 98.4 percent.According to an official of DPS Ruby Park, the overall result of the school was excellent with 346 out of 450 students securing an aggregate score of above 80 percent. In South Point High School, 144 out of 790 students scored above 95 percent and in Sushila Birla Girls’ School, 61 out of 76 got 80 percent and above.Birla High School also fared very well with all the 175 students, who appeared for the examination this year, receiving good marks. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, who is currently in Kalimpong, congratulated the students for their success. “Congratulations to all students who excelled and those who passed the CBSE Class 10 exams. Best wishes for all your future endeavours. Good wishes to your teachers and families,” Banerjee tweeted.last_img read more

St Stephens address cancelled Mamata unmoved

first_imgKolkata: Reacting on cancellation of the programme at St Stephen’s College, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said she doesn’t mind as the choice was theirs and maintained that she would be attending the Catholic Bishops Conference of India on Tuesday.When asked about the cancellation of her trip to China, Chicago and now her lecture at St Stephen’s College, Banerjee said: “Let them cancel. I don’t mind. Let God save them.”It may be recalled that a Trinamool Congress MP had maintained in connection with the programme at St Stephen’s College on Saturday that ‘Mamata Banerjee is giving the BJP-RSS sleepless nights. Let them keep trying… She cannot be silenced…” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSt Stephen’s authorities cancelled a programme of Mamata Banerjee scheduled to be held on August 1 by raising protocol issues. Banerjee was the first Chief Minister who was scheduled to address students of one of the most premier institutions in the country. She further added: “I will be attending the attending the Catholic Bishops Conference of India. It is a major event.”The Chief Minister is the chief guest at the “Love your Neighbour” conference organised by India’s largest Christian body — The Catholic Bishops Conference of India. The event is going to be held on Tuesday. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedWhen asked about the possibility of a meeting with UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi, the Chief Minister said while addressing the press conference at Nabanna on Monday: “I heard that she is unwell. But if I get an opportunity, of course, I will meet her.”She further said: “Day after tomorrow I will be going to Parliament. I will meet many people there.” This comes when the Trinamool Congress supremo has given the clarion call to oust the BJP in 2019 general elections and there will be a major rally at Brigade Parade Ground in Kolkata on January 19 in 2019 in which Banerjee will be inviting several anti-BJP leaders. She had also said that the UPA Chairperson will also be invited. In the same breath, Banerjee added: “I have many programmes in Delhi. I will go to the residence of Ram Jethmalaniji where Yashwant Sinhaji, Shatrughan Sinha and Arun Shourie will also be coming. I will be going to Jethmalaniji’s residence at around 5 pm.”It may be recalled that Banerjee had interactions with BJP leaders Yashwant Sinha, Shatrughan Sinha and Arun Shourie during her visit to Delhi in March. According to political experts, the meeting of the Trinamool Congress supremo with the BJP leaders is quite significant in terms of the present political scenario.last_img read more

No major impact barring some stray incidents of violence in WB

first_imgKolkata: Barring some stray incidents of violence on Tuesday, the two-day nationwide strike called by central trade unions protesting against ‘anti-people’ policies of the centre failed to evoke much response in West Bengal. Elaborate security arrangements made by the Trinamool Congres government foiled the striking unions’ bid to stall the normal life in the state. Government offices, IT sector and port activities were normal, while banking sector experienced partial impact with some branches and ATMs closed. Workers in tea gardens also worked like normal days. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life However, PSU insurance companies were closed. Several protesters were arrested as sporadic incidents of vandalism were reported from parts of the state on Tuesday during the strike. Stones were pelted at a school bus in Champadali area of Barasat in North 24 Parganas district. The students were later deboarded from the bus, police said. Strike supporters burnt effigies of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and burnt tyres in various parts of the state including Kolkata. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed In Howrah, Siliguri, Bardhaman, Birbhum, North and South 24 Paraganas, clashes broke out between Trinamool Congress workers and strike supporters as TMC activists tried to stop them from forcibly imposing the strike. Despite these scattered incidents of violence, normal life in and around Kolkata and other parts of the state remained more or less unaffected by the strike call except in a few pockets. Buses and other modes of transport were seen on the roads although the number of passengers were less than in other week days. Train services in the South Eastern railway were affected from 6.30 am due to blockades at different stations and several express and local trains were delayed, SER spokesman Sanjay Ghosh said. In Eastern Railway zone, train movement was obstructed by the strike supporters from 6.00 am, an ER spokesman said. Several trains, including Howrah-Puri Dhauli Express, Rupashi Bangla Express, Howrah-Barbil Janshatabdi Express, Paradip-Santragachi Express, Puri-Howrah Jagannath Express and Thiruvananthapuram-Silchar Express and several MEMU and EMU locals were delayed en route owing to the agitation. Agitators blocked tracks at Bainchi, Mankundu, Mogra stations in Howrah-Bardhaman main line section, at Jadavpur, Dhamuah, Hotor in Sealdah-Diamond Harbour section, at Barasat, Madhyamgram and Ashoknagar in Sealdah-Bongaon section, the spokesman said. Operation of flights by different airlines was normal at NSC Bose International Airport here, officials at the airport said. Tyres were burnt in Central Avenue of Kolkata to stop buses from plying in the roads. The protesters had a scuffle with the police when they tried to stop them from squatting on the roads. A government bus was damaged by strike supporters at Champadali. Protesters also vandalised a bus at Jamuria in Paschim Bardhaman district. Scuffles were witnessed between police and strike supporters in some areas of the state. At Jadavpur area in south Kolkata, senior CPI(M) leader Sujan Chakraborty along with several other strike supporters were detained by the police. CPI(M) leaders have come out on the streets in support of the strike. The Trinamool Congress government in the state has opposed the strike call. Ten Central trade unions who have called the strike have placed a charter of demands that include minimum wage, universal social security, workers status and including pay and facilities for the scheme workers, against privatisation of public and government organisations. The state government had announced that its employees would be barred from availing casual leave or half day leave on Tuesday and Wednesday. No leave will also be allowed on the day preceding the two-day strike or following it, a government notification said on Friday. The CITU state president Subhas Mukherjee claimed that the first day of general strike has been successful despite attempts by the Mamata Banerjee government to foil it. “Despite attempts by the TMC government to foil the strike, it has been quite successful on the first day. The role played by TMC is shameful and it has been proved that both the BJP and TMC have a tacit understanding,” he said. Left Front chairman Biman Bose, however, said that the nationwide strike would continue for the second day Wednesday and with a different strategy to make it more successful. The Trinamool Congress, however claimed that the strike has been a complete failure as people have rejected the “shutdown culture”. “The strike has been a complete failure as people have completely rejected the shutdown culture. We are also fighting against BJP but we are not in favour of shutdown or strike as a mode of protest,” TMC secretary general and state Education minister Partha Chatterjee said. BJP state president Dilip Ghosh said the people of the state has “completely rejected” the strike as it has been called by political parties who are just looking for desperate attempts to make their presence felt.last_img read more

Remnants of the 1947 partition

first_imgSeven decades have passed since the Partition of 1947 and still remnants of it continue to linger only latently in public memories and histories. The exhibition at India International Centre (IIC), by The 1947 Partition Archive, will unravel the memories of people who witnessed the days of the Divide. This multimedia exhibit will highlight the socio–cultural ethnography and memory of the Partition by bringing forth those voices that have otherwise been unheard; the story of a woman still living in a refugee camp, separated from her daughter due to the man–made border, how two brothers converted to Islam to remain on their land while their sister made her way across to India, and how two brothers travelled from Travancore State to the North–West Frontier Province in search of work and were stranded there due to the Divide. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfEach and every panel of this exhibit presents a unique first-hand experience and displays how the pivotal event that determined the subcontinent’s contemporary history continues to influence society even today. These narratives are from all around the globe, with a special focus on subversive narratives through the lens of class, caste, and gender. The choice of regional locations is diverse and also brings to light the narratives of Partition that are often never considered as part of popular imaginary. This exhibition invites, for the very first, public audiences to engage with exemplary oral histories collected by The 1947 Partition Archive, over the last eight years. Curated by Aanchal Malhotra, it is an exhibition that marries the notions of history, memoir, longing and belonging. ‘Remembering partition: unheard stories’ is on view till September 8, everyday from 11 am to 7 pm at the Art Gallery, Kamaldevi Complex, IIC.last_img read more

Colour codes for easy identification

first_imgKolkata: In a unique stride towards easy identification of 10,000 polling personnel deployed on election duty, the North Dinajpur district administration is resorting to colour coding.”There will be different colour coding for each of the nine constituencies that come under North Dinajpur. The polling personnels’ appointment letters, caps, the stickers on vehicles in which they will be travelling and the tents put up at the distribution centre will be sporting the same colour, matching with the respective Assembly constituencies, in which they will be deployed,” said Arvind Kumar Mina, District Election Officer (DEO), North Dinajpur. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataFor the Chopra Assembly constituency, the colour will be aquamarine, for Islampur it will be white, for Goalpokher it will be yellow, lime green for Chakulia, indigo for Karandighi, light green for Hemtabad, magenta for Kaliaganj, mustard for Raiganj and golden fluorescent for Itahar. Apart from Itahar and Chopra, seven of the Assembly constituencies (AC) come under the Raiganj Parliamentary constituency (PC). Chopra AC falls under Darjeeling PC while Itahar comes under Balurghat. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateAccording to a senior official in the DEO, the state police personnel on poll duty will also have caps, vehicles and tents matching with the respective colour codes. The employees at the centre who will be distributing the EVMs to polling personnel will be wearing T-shirts in parity with the colour codes for quick and hassle-free identification. The district administration will be providing medical kits, basic toiletries, free bedrolls that include mosquito repellents to the polling personnel. The latter will also be handed over note pads along with folders and pens. The first phase training of the polling personnel have already been held and the second phase will happen in the first week of April.last_img read more

The Greenfield University Amendment Bill 2019 passed in state Assembly

first_imgKolkata/Darjeeling: The Greenfield University (Amendment) Bill 2019 was passed in the state Assembly on Wednesday with the objective to change the name of Greenfield University to Darjeeling Hills University inrecognition to the persistent demand of the people of the Hills to change the name of the varsity. “Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee visited the Hills several times since 2011 and has always shown her commitmenttowards development of the Hills and respect to the demand of the local people. The people in the Hills have urged her to change the name of the varsity and so the amendment to change the name has been proposed,” said state Education minister Partha Chatterjee while placing the Bill in the Assembly. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe minister added that 25 acres of land has been earmarked at Mongpu for setting up the university. The state Higher Education department has already sent its proposal of sanctioning Rs 333 crores for construction of the varsity to the state Finance department. “The Public Works Department (PWD) will execute the construction work,” Chatterjee said. It may be mentioned that the state Assembly had passed a Bill on July 31 last year to set up Greenfield University at Jogighat in Mungpoo. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateSoon after the bill was tabled, sections of the hill community were of the opinion that the varsity should be named Darjeeling Hill University so that it would strike a chord with the local people. “It was ready to be tabled in the February session in the Assembly but with the ensuing elections it could not be tabled during that time,” Chatterjee said. Left Front leader Sujan Chakraborty demanded that the Bill should be sent to the select committee to elicit opinion of the MLAs while Congress MLA Nepal Mahato also wanted it to be circulated among the MLAs for eliciting opinion. However, the Bill was passed after majority of the MLAs voted in support of the Bill. Darjeeling has welcomed the change in name of the Greenfield University to the Darjeeling Hill University. The demand for a university in the Hills of Darjeeling has been long pending. Though the Union Government during the formation of the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration had assured of a Central University for the Hills, it had not translated into action. A Memorandum of Agreement between the Union, State and the GJM that had paved the way for the GTA had also mentioned the creation of a Central University. The state government decided to come up with a new university in the Darjeeling hills. Finally on July 31, 2018, “Greenfield University Bill” was passed in the West Bengal Assembly “I as the MLA, Darjeeling and Binoy Tamang as the Chairman, Gorkhaland Territorial Administration had written to the State Government suggesting amendments. We wanted the name to carry the identity of Darjeeling as Darjeeling is known globally as an education hub. Darjeeling in itself is a brand name,” said Amar Singh Rai, former MLA, Darjeeling. The Hills have welcomed the change in nomenclature to “Darjeeling Hill University.” “We thank the state government for the change in name,” Tamang said. He stated that with the change in nomenclature, the state government and the GTA will start construction at the area already earmarked in Jogighat, Mongpu. Till the construction is complete, the Vice-Chancellor, Registrar’s offices will be operating from the existing Tukdah Engineering College on a temporary basis. There are many government buildings vacant in Mongpu, these buildings will also be used for the University on a temporary basis. “Before the elections the process for selection of Vice-Chancellor for the university had begun. Three names have already been empanelled,” stated Tamang.last_img read more

Young Music Icons Gone Too Soon – How Would They Look Today

first_imgRock ‘n’ roll music has been plagued by the premature deaths of some of its most important protagonists. From Elvis Presley to Amy Winehouse, many of the music industry’s biggest stars succumbed to the pressure of fame, wealth and popularity. These musicians who departed at the height of their career grew a cult around them which spawned numerous fans long after they died.But have you ever wondered what might have been if they were still among the living?How would their music transform over time? How would they age and how would they look?Just think of the possibilities of Bob Marley collaborating with the Fugees, or Kanye West, or perhaps Hendrix pursuing a more experimental sound, and following through with his lesser known plans of working with the avant-garde jazz legend, Miles Davis?Bobby Darin. Photo by Sachs Media GroupDennis Wilson. Photo by Sachs Media GroupJim Morrison. Photo by Sachs Media GroupJimi Hendrix. Photo by Sachs Media GroupKaren Carpenter. Photo by Sachs Media GroupThe answers to some of these questions, along with imagined portraits of how the early-departed music stars might look if they were alive today can be found in a peculiar little selection of pictures named “Rock’n’Roll Heaven.”The project was devised and executed by the Florida-based Sachs Media Group in co-operation with Phojoe photo restoration and manipulation company, featuring rock stars who burned out, instead of fading away, presented as people well in their sixties and seventies.‘Mama’ Cass Elliot. Photo by Sachs Media GroupBob Marley. Photo by Sachs Media GroupThe Rock’n’Roll Heaven gallery of images is accompanied by a short introduction for each of the featured musicians, along with a comment by two popular music scholars, Dr. Reebee Garofalo of the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and Elijah Wald, a regular contributor for the Boston Globe, who is also an established musician.Janis Joplin. Photo by Sachs Media GroupKurt Cobain. Photo by Sachs Media GroupRe-imagining rock ‘n’ roll icons whose lives were violently interrupted, the pictures offer a nostalgic, yet eerie insight into what might’ve been, giving us a glimpse of an alternative reality.This reality includes a number of potential theories, like the one in which Kurt Cobain avoids suicide and returns to a more underground sound reminiscent of Nirvana’s early recording while becoming the patron saint of emerging cutting-edge artists.John Lennon. Photo by Sachs Media GroupKeith Moon. Photo by Sachs Media GroupElvis Presley. Photo by Sachs Media GroupAlong with a number of other predictions, it also features estimates that writers like John Lennon and Jim Morrison would most likely continue to be revered in the musical world, becoming more keen on experimenting, while producing literary, theatre and film work as well.Read another story from us: The Oldest Generation of People to Ever be PhotographedAs for the looks, it is quite hard to imagine how some of the most famous artists of their time would deal with age. After all, most of them were sex symbols in their own right, and the “live fast, die young” motto which was bestowed on them only added to their allure.last_img read more

6 Beautiful Churches That Now Serve Totally Different Purposes

first_imgUsually characterized by high ceilings, masterful sculptures, prestigious stonework, and dashing interiors, churches are often regarded as works of art, transcending their initial purpose. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that they sometimes get stripped of their religious role and become buildings intended for secular use, housing various institutions, concert venues or private residences.On this list, you will find some of the most interesting takes on turning a church into something else.Skaterham, Surrey, EnglandSkaterham”, Caterham. Surrey Photo by Dr Neil Clifton CC BY SA 2.0Starting off the list is a former military chapel in Caterham, Surrey, that was once part of a barracks complex used by the British Army. In 1995 the barracks were officially closed and the chapel was later turned into a skate park, as a result of a youth conference held in 1999.Filled with various obstacles, ramps, quarter pipes, and jump boxes, it attracts extreme sports enthusiasts from all over the U.K., and currently holds an active membership of more than 4,000 members.Selexyz Dominicanen, Maastricht, NetherlandsSelexyz Dominicanen Photo by FaceMePLS CC BY 2.0Churches have traditionally been associated with literacy, writing, and publishing. This church, built in 1294, continues the tradition in a way suitable for modern times.The medieval Gothic monastery dedicated to Saint Dominic has actually been out of order since Napoleon turned it into a field HQ during his conquest in the late 18th century. During the following centuries, the church has been used as the town’s archive, a warehouse, and as a bike store.The Selexyz Dominicanen bookstore Photo by Kevin Gessner CC BY 2.0The most recent renovations were completed in 2005. The church was transformed into a posh two-story book store that occupies a space of 1200 square meters, reserved only for literary pleasures.All of the monastery’s remarkable frescoes are preserved and are in good condition ― the most notable paintings from a series depicting the life of Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican friar and an influential scholar of the Catholic Church. Monique Corriveau-Library, Quebec City, CanadaBibliotheque Monique-Corriveau Photo by eangagnon CC BY SA 3.0Jean-Marie Roy was certainly an architect with a unique vision. His Denys-du-Plateau Church in Quebec stands out as a truly avant-garde take on traditional Catholic architecture. The church was built in 1964, with a white, narrow roof which completely blends in with the snow during harsh Canadian winters.It was deconsecrated in 1986 and turned into a library, named Monique Corriveau after a local female author who was a resident of Quebec City.The library once again emphasizes the link between religion and literacy, insisting on the overwhelming sensation of whiteness to symbolize enlightenment. The entrance to this shrine of knowledge is through a glass atrium which leads to the name of the former church, filled with bookshelves and reading tables, all in the purpose of providing maximum comfort for students and book enthusiasts alike. Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, Barcelona, SpainMareNostrum 4 supercomputer at Barcelona Supercomputing Center (2017) Gemmaribasmaspoch – CC BY-SA 4.0Among the strangest location choices to house a supercomputer is most probably Torre Girona Chapel in Barcelona, which has been the property of the Polytechnic University of Catalonia since the 1970s and had previously been in the hands of the wealthy Girona family. The 19th-century church was rebuilt in the 1940s, in the years following the Spanish Civil War.MareNostrum 2 – Refrigerated jail Photo by Vcarceler – CC BY SA 3.0The church’s interior was adjusted to house an enormous glass box that encases the $40 million MareNostrum supercomputer. It was formally established as the Barcelona Supercomputing Center on April 1, 2005.David Abián –CC BY-SA 4.0MareNostrum, now in it’s fourth incarnation, is regularly utilized in a wide range of scientific research and has contributed to fields such as astrophysics, climate modeling, and genome research. South River Vineyard, Shalersville, Ohio, United StatesSouth River Vineyard 1 | by E Photos cc by 2.0A 19th century Methodist church was actually dismantled from its original location and moved some 50 miles, to a charming vineyard in the Ohio countryside.Vineyard owner Gene Sigel spotted the old, abandoned church up for sale in 2000 — just for the price of dismantling it. He purchased the church and relocated it to become part of his winery complex, where it stands to this day. Church Brew Works, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United StatesThe_Church_Brew_WorksThe Lawrenceville neighborhood parishioners used to gather in the Church of St. John the Baptist, but since 1996, the church has been involved in a completely different type of “religious” practice. Three years after the church was closed, a craft beer manufacturer obtained the right to use it for their beer production.This might seem odd, but just as literacy and science are intertwined with the history of religion, alcohol has also featured as a big part of monastic life, especially in the Middle Ages. Trappist monks all over Europe were well-known for their famous beer, which is still produced in thirteen monasteries of the order, one of which is located in the United States.Read another story from us:  England Wants You to Camp in Abandoned Medieval ChurchesTherefore, the guys at Church Brew Works are only continuing the tradition. Although they are not monks, they have been recognized as high-quality brewers by the Great American Beer Festival, which bestowed them with the Large Brewpub Brewer of the Year Award in 2012.last_img read more

Universes First Ever Molecule Observed in Space for the First Time

first_imgEven before the incredible modern achievements of space travel and exploration, mankind has always looked up to the stars and pondered the history of the world and universe all around us. From the early astronomical observations of Galileo right up to the modern day, we’ve made all kinds of fascinating discoveries by looking at the stars. And the latest discovery is a truly incredible one, as the first ever molecule to be formed in the universe has been observed in space for the first time.“Timeline of the metric expansion of space, where space (including hypothetical non-observable portions of the universe) is represented at each time by the circular sections. On the left, the dramatic expansion occurs in the inflationary epoch; and at the center, the expansion accelerates (artist’s concept; not to scale)”This molecule is known as helium hydride (HeH+) and was located in the planetary nebula designated as NGC 7027 by a high-powered telescope mounted on board a Boeing 747.Billions of years ago, at the dawn of the universe, it is believed that this molecule was formed by the union of positively charged hydrogen and neutral helium atoms as the universe, still in its infancy, began to cool down in the wake of the Big Bang. This molecule would have started to form once the overall temperature of the universe dropped under 4,000 °K (6740 °F/3,727 °C).Ball-and-stick model of the helium hydride cation, HeH+. Structural data from Journal of Molecular Modeling, 2009, 15, 35-40. Photo by CCoil CC BY-SA 3.0It’s an extraordinary discovery from a scientific and historical perspective, with experts believing that HeH+ really was the very first molecule to be formed. Scientists have been able to create this molecule for nearly a century already, but they hadn’t been able to identify it out in the universe until now.It was in the 1970s that the search really started. Scientific studies and estimates seemed to suggest that traceable quantities of HeH+ could be found in certain interstellar nebulae. The initial searches proved fruitless, however, and many researchers and physicists actually started to wonder if they hadn’t been wrong about HeH+ all along.Space-filling model of the helium hydride cation, HeH+. Structural data from Journal of Molecular Modeling, 2009, 15, 35-40. Photo by CCoil CC BY-SA 3.0If HeH+ couldn’t be found out in the universe, it could be a big sign that their calculations had been wrong, which could affect entire branches of science and our understanding of the Big Bang and the universe as we know it. Fortunately, this recent discovery has now put an end to any doubts or worries.It turned out that researchers had been unable to identify any HeH+ in the past as their equipment simply wasn’t powerful enough. A common problem in scientific fields over the years, and one that requires a lot of patience to overcome, this lack of effective technology meant that the wait for detectable traces of HeH+ dragged on for several decades, but is now finally over.Related Video:Astrophysicist Rolf Güsten, led the successful hunt for HeH+ alongside fellow researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy. Scientists from other institutions from all over the world also participated, including the Institute of Millimetre Radioastronomy in France and Johns Hopkins University in the United States.The team made use of a special spectrometer known under the codename ‘GREAT’ and also by its full name of the German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies. This device was placed on SOFIA (the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy), which is essentially a Boeing 747 jet plane that has been changed and enhanced with various scientific features and tools.SOFIA makes various flights and data is collected via a high-powered telescope and then interpreted and analyzed by the GREAT device and other scientific equipment. When looking through data from some of SOFIA’s journeys, the research team discovered clear proof of HeH+ in nebula NGC 7027, which is approximately, 3,000 light years away.Read another story from us: NASA’s Biggest Mars MistakeThe team members weren’t too surprised to find traces of HeH+ at NGC 7027. This planetary nebula is still quite young, so it has similar characteristics to the early universe, meaning that the conditions were just right for the formation of the molecule. Now, with the team having obtained faultless proof of the existence of HeH+, decades of doubts and questions have finally been put to rest.last_img read more

Colin explains how Drew Brees shoulder changed the course of recent football

first_imgBack to the Future was based on the concept that one single event or decision can change the course of history. Much like the McFly’s kiss at the Enchantment Under the Sea Dance, no single decision has changed the course of recent college football and NFL history than the Dolphins’ decision to pass on Drew Brees in free agency in 2006.With one week until the kickoff of the 2016 College Football Playoff, Nick Saban sits on the precipice of his 5th national title with Alabama, and cementing his tenure with the Tide as one of the greatest dynasties in the history of college football.10 years ago, Saban left the Miami Dolphins for Alabama after two mediocre seasons as an NFL head coach. The Dolphins have continued to exist as an NFL bottom feeder in the decade since he departed, and have seen a revolving door of coaches and quarterbacks since Saban skipped town.Today in The Herd, Colin explained how the course of history in both the NFL and college football would be different if the Dolphins’ team doctor had medically cleared Brees so the team could sign him. In 2006, Drew Brees was a free agent quarterback who was shown the door by the San Diego Chargers in favor of rookie first round pick Philip Rivers. Brees was coming off shoulder surgery and looking for a new NFL team to lead.One of the people most interested in his services was Nick Saban. Brees was brought in by the team for an examination of his surgically repaired shoulder. The Miami team doctor refused to clear him because of the shoulder. Saban left for Alabama. Brees signed with the Saints.As Colin explained, the domino effect of the Dolphins’ decision not to sign Brees has been far reaching throughout college and pro football for the last decade. So how did it impact the history of the game? Here are 5 ways:There is no Alabama dynasty – Don’t forget, the Tide wasn’t rollin when Saban took over. They had a losing record, and were on NCAA probation because of violations under previous head coach Mike Shula. Alabama, as we currently know it, wouldn’t exist.2. No Urban Meyer at Ohio State – With no Saban at Alabama, it’s possible that Urban Meyer may have stayed at Florida longer to continue to dominate the SEC. If he had, he would not have been available to take the Ohio State job.3. The Saints wouldn’t have a post-Katrina rebirth and Super Bowl – After the devastation from Hurricane Katrina, the Saints became a source of hope and inspiration for the city. The central figure at the heart of the Saints rise to prominence, and eventually their Super Bowl win over the Colts in 2010, was Drew Brees. If Brees signed with the Dolphins, who knows what would have happened? It’s a distinct possibility the NFL would have moved the franchise out of the Crescent City.4. Belichick and Brady would have a legit AFC East rival – If Belichick and Brady had been squaring off against Saban and Brees in the AFC East for the past decade, they wouldn’t be dominating the division like they are now. Brees and Saban would surely have their share of wins in the matchup, and maybe a division title or two.5. Peyton Manning has another Super Bowl ring – Peyton Manning and the Colts lost to Brees and the Saints in Super Bowl 44. If Brees never signed with the Saints, Manning would have faced a lesser opponent and might have another Super Bowl ring. It’s not a sure thing, but definitely possible.Great Scott!.@ColinCowherd examines how different the football landscape would be if Drew Brees was cleared by the Dolphins when Nick Saban was coach pic.twitter.com/wRk6GHRDBV— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) December 21, 2016 Advertisementlast_img read more

VIDEO Unhinged lady followed two Seahawk players to the team facility to

first_img Advertisement Things got weird today for Seattle cornerbacks Neiko Thorpe and Mike Tyson when an angry lady trailed them to the team facility to confront them over the hot button topic of player protests during the national anthem.From her car, the lady went off on the two players about the protests and told them, “My tax dollars pay for you to play and go f—-ing play. And get off your f—-ng knees.”Regardless of where you fall on the issue of anthem protests, chasing NFL players down to scold them is a nutbag move. Go tweet about it like everyone else. Just because you’re a fan with an opinion doesn’t entitle you to a face to face.Sound up 🔊🔊🔊 pic.twitter.com/HsHEeKLfJ8— Neiko Thorpe (@Neiko15) March 12, 2018last_img read more

Xeroxs New Tech Scans Documents in One Language Then Prints Them in

first_imgMarch 10, 2016 If you have an international staff or are working with clients based in different countries, Xerox’s latest innovation wants to help open up those lines of communication.Xerox Easy Translator Service is a new cloud-based translation system that allows users to send a message through a ConnectKey Xerox multifunction printer (MFP), a web portal or via the accompanying mobile app, and have it translated into more than 40 languages. Xerox worked with software company ABBYY to develop the translation technology.When sending a message through a multifunction printer, the user can scan a document in English, and the person on the other end will receive a printed translation in their choice of language — be it Spanish, French, Mandarin, Russian — without changing the structure of the document, according to Xerox.Related: 4 Ways International Work Experience Helps Entrepreneurs Succeed Through the Xerox Easy Translator web portal, users can upload a document, select the format that works best, like a JPEG or PDF file, and then choose from three different levels of human translation: Express ($0.10 per word), Professional ($0.23 per word) and Expert ($0.35 per word).With the Express level, the message is pre-translated by a machine and then given to a human editor to make any changes. With the Professional level, the document is translated by a native-speaker and then checked by an editor and proofreader. The Expert level takes the Professional level a step further, and the document is also looked over by a native-speaking specialist in your given field. Machine translation is the service’s default mode.Related: International Holidays and Festivals Could Mean Big Business for Online RetailersWith the app, which is available for iOS and Android devices, users can take a photo of a document, upload it then receive a translated version via email in a minute.Starting today, the service is available in the U.S., Canada and Europe. Users can register on the Xerox website, download and install the mobile app or the app for the ConnectKey-enabled Xerox MFP for free. The first 30 pages of machine translations, — during a 30-day trial period — are free. Afterwards, companies who want to use the service can pay for a subscription based on their needs that can range from anywhere from from $10 for 100 pages to $5,000 for 100,000 pages per year.Related: 4 Fundamentals for Evaluating an Overseas ExpansionWhile it may have a lock on document management, Xerox’s entry into the field of translation software will likely have to compete with services such as Google’s Translate app, which also has an instant visual translation feature, and Skype Translator, which just added Arabic to its repertoire of more than 50 languages.The Norwalk, CT-based office supplies maker announced that it would be restructuring back in January, dividing into two publicly traded companies, one that focuses on printers and copy machines and another that focuses on making business services such as corporate payment systems. Though the restructuring is expected to go through by the end of the year, this week, the company took out a $1 billion loan to reportedly cover the costs of the plan. 3 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Globalcenter_img Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box.last_img read more